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Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

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Monographia Aquifoliacearum - Loizeau Pierre-André & Gabrielle Barriera


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Aquifoliaceae of Neotropics

Loizeau P.-A. & G. Barriera


Ilex anonoides Loes.

Habit, vegetative morphology.— Tree, evergreen, 10 m tall. Current year's branchlets glabrous (quelques poils rares et courts). Branchlets older than one year smooth or furrowed or rough, brownish or reddish, glabrous or pubescent, sparse trichomes. Lenticels on current year's branchlets present. Internodes 0.5–2 cm. Stipules caducous, linear-triangular, 1–2 mm (1.5 mm de large). Petiole glabrous or pubescent (sur les jeunes feuilles), smooth surface, 3–20 mm. Lamina elliptic to obovate, orbiculate (1:1) to oblong (1:2), 5.5–16 X, 4–10.5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous abaxially (sauf sur la marge à sa base). Base obtuse to truncate. Apex truncate to obtuse, mucronate or not mucronate. Apex emarginate or rounded. Margin revolute, dentate, teeth inconspicuous. Teeth 5–16 ca., on the distal half of the margin. Midbrid adaxially flat or raised, glabrous or pubescent on proximal half. Midbrid abaxially raised, glabrous or pubescent on proximal half or pubescent (lorsque présents, poils plus rares que dessus). Secondary veins abaxially evident, 9–18 pairs. Tertiary veins abaxially obscure. Ponctuation abaxiallly present.

Inflorescences.— Solitary dichasium.

Male flowers.— Cymes of order 2–3. Peduncles pubescent (avec des poils peu nombreux). Peduncles of order 1 7–11 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 8–9 tenth from the base. Peduncles of order 2 1–1.5 mm. Pherophylls of order 2 at 8–10 tenth from the base. Peduncles of order 3 0.1–1 mm. Pherophylls of order 3 at 0–5 tenth from the base. Pherophylls of order 1 deltoid, pubescent, 2 mm, margin entire. Male flowers 4–5 -merous. Calyx pubescent, 4 mm in diam., margin ciliate or dentate. Corolla 4 mm, petals connate on, petals 40 % of their length. Apex margin entire. Stamens at the anthesis shorter than corolla. Rudimentary ovary subglobulous or flattened, glabrous.

Female flowers.— Cymes of order 2–3. Peduncles glabrous or pubescent. Peduncles of order 1 7–15 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 7–10 tenth of the base. Peduncles of order 2 1.5–3.5 mm. Pherophylls of order 2 at 5–10 tenth of the base. Peduncles of order 3 0.5–2 mm. Pherophylls of order 3 at 5–10 tenth of the base. Pherophylls of order 1 opposite, deltoids, glabrous or pubescent, 1.5–3.5 mm, margin entire. Female flowers 4–6 -merous. Calyx glabrous or pubescent, margin entire, 5–8 mm in diam. Ovary ovoid or spherical, glabrous, stigma mamillate or capitate, stigma glabrous.

Fruits.— Fruit black, spherical or flattened, 3.5–10 mm in diam., 4–6 mm.

Distribution, ecology.— South America, Peru Bolivia, 2300–3300 m, "Bosque" andin de pérennes et décidues: Forêt des nuages, ou en bordure de Pajonal.

Illustrations.— • Dessin Matthews s.n. K mâle (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Dessin Díaz 2635 G femelle. • Planche Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Fleurs Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Inflorescence Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Planche Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Inflorescence Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.). • Planche Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Inflorescence Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Fruit Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Planche Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. P f. • Fleur? Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. P f. • Restes d'inflorescence avec jeune fruit Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. P f. • Limbe, face inférieure Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. P f. • Rameau Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. P f. • Planche Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Etiquette Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Rameau Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Inflorescence Matthews s.n. K m (HT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Planche Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Etiquettes Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Rameau Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Inflorescence Matthews s.n. K m (IT de crasssifolia Hook. non Salisb.)). • Planche Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Etiquette Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Feuilles Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • infrutescence? Lechler 2624 K f (HT). • Inflorescence Lechler 2624 K f (HT).


Cite this publication as: ‘Loizeau, P.-A. & G. Barriera (2007). Aquifoliaceae néotropicales: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, et Recherche d'Information. Version: 1st march 2007. http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/.
Loizeau (1994) et Loizeau & Spichiger (1992) should also be cited (see Bibliography).