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Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

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Monographia Aquifoliacearum - Loizeau Pierre-André & Gabrielle Barriera


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Aquifoliaceae of Neotropics

Loizeau P.-A. & G. Barriera


Ilex elliptica Kunth

Habit, vegetative morphology.— Tree or shrub, evergreen, 1.5–5 m tall. Current year's branchlets glabrous. Branchlets older than one year smooth or furrowed, greyish or brownish, glabrous. Lenticels on current year's branchlets absent or hardly visible. Internodes 0–1 cm. Stipules caducous, linear-triangular, 1 mm. Petiole glabrous, rough or grooved surface, 2–4 mm. Lamina obovate, orbiculate (1:1) to oblong (1:2), 1–2.5 X, 1–1.5 cm, coriaceous, glabrous abaxially. Base cuneate to acute. Apex rounded, mucronate. Apex rounded. Margin revolute, dentate, teeth inconspicuous. Teeth 4–6 ca., on the distal half of the margin. Midbrid adaxially impressed, glabrous. Midbrid abaxially raised, glabrous. Secondary veins abaxially evident, 4–5 pairs. Tertiary veins abaxially obscure. Ponctuation abaxiallly present.

Inflorescences.— Solitary dichasium.

Male flowers.— Cymes of order 1–2. Peduncles glabrous. Peduncles of order 1 2–3 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 3–4 tenth from the base. Peduncles of order 2 1–1.5 mm. Pherophylls of order 2 at 0 tenth from the base. Pherophylls of order 1 opposite, deltoid, glabrous, 1–1.2 mm, margin entire. Male flowers 5–6 -merous, white. Calyx glabrous, 2–3 mm in diam., margin ciliate or dentate. Corolla 3–4 mm, petals connate on, petals 20–25 % of their length. Apex margin entire. Stamens at the anthesis shorter than corolla. Rudimentary ovary subglobulous or flattened, glabrous.

Female flowers.— Cymes of order 1–2. Peduncles glabrous. Peduncles of order 1 7–10 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 3–4 tenth of the base. Peduncles of order 2 2 mm. Pherophylls of order 2 at 0 tenth of the base. Pherophylls of order 1 linear-triangulate, glabrous, 0.5–1 mm, margin entire. Female flowers 5–6 -merous, white. Calyx glabrous, margin ciliate or dentate, 4–6 mm in diam. Corolla 3–5 mm, petals connate on, petals 20–25 % of their length. Apex margin entire (possibly beaded). Staminodes sagittate, glabrous. Ovary ovoid, glabrous, stigma capitate, stigma glabrous.

Fruits.— Fruit black, spherical, 10 mm in diam., 8 mm.

Distribution, ecology.— South America, Colombia Peru, 2000–4200 m, Végétation andine de haute montagne, végétation sèche des vallées de l'intérieur des Andes: forêt basse de brouillard, Páramo (Colombie).

Flowering.— January or October to December.

Illustrations.— • Dessin Stork & Horton 10380 G mâle. • Dessin Stork & Horton 10380 G femelle. • Planche Stork & Horton 10380 [a] & [b] G m & f. • Rameau Stork & Horton 10380 [b] G f. • Inflorescence Stork & Horton 10380 [b] G f. • Fleur Stork & Horton 10380 [b] G f. • Fruit Stork & Horton 10380 [b] G f. • Fruit Stork & Horton 10380 [b] G f. • Planche Bonpland 3225 P f (HT). • Rameau Bonpland 3225 P f (HT). • Limbe, face inférieure Bonpland 3225 P f (HT). • Inflorescence Bonpland 3225 P f (HT). • Planche Stork 10380[a] & 10380[b] K m & f. • Rameau Stork 10380[a] K m. • Rameau Stork 10380[a] K m. • Rameau Stork 10380[b] K f. • Fleurs, fruits Stork 10380[b] K f.


Cite this publication as: ‘Loizeau, P.-A. & G. Barriera (2007). Aquifoliaceae néotropicales: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, et Recherche d'Information. Version: 1st march 2007. http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/.
Loizeau (1994) et Loizeau & Spichiger (1992) should also be cited (see Bibliography).