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Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève

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Monographia Aquifoliacearum - Loizeau Pierre-André & Gabrielle Barriera


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Aquifoliaceae of Neotropics

Loizeau P.-A. & G. Barriera


Ilex gale Triana

Habit, vegetative morphology.— Tree or shrub, evergreen, 7–25 m tall. Current year's branchlets glabrous or pubescent (poils très courts). Branchlets older than one year smooth or furrowed, greyish or brownish, glabrous (à part quelques poils résiduels). Lenticels on current year's branchlets present (parfois très peu visibles). Internodes 0–2.3 cm. Stipules persistent or caducous, linear-triangular, 0.3–1 mm. Petiole glabrous or pubescent (chez certaines feuilles de l'année), smooth surface or rough or grooved surface, 2.5–12 mm. Lamina elliptic or obovate, orbiculate (1:1) or oblong (1:2) or lanceolate (1:3), 1.5–6.5 X, 0.6–2.3 cm, coriaceous (ou 2 pour les très jeunes feuilles), glabrous abaxially (quelques poils a la base des très jeunes feuilles). Base cuneate or acute or obtuse (décurrente). Apex rounded or obtuse or acute, mucronate or not mucronate. Apex retuse or emarginate or rounded. Acumen 0 cm. Margin revolute (souvent fortement), entire. Midbrid adaxially flat or raised, glabrous (parfois quelques poils à la base chez les très jeunes feuilles). Midbrid abaxially raised, glabrous. Secondary veins abaxially evident, 4–10 pairs. Tertiary veins abaxially evident or obscure. Ponctuation abaxiallly present or absent (mais peu visible).

Inflorescences.— Thyrse, proliferating.

Male flowers.— Cymes of order 1–3. Peduncles glabrous or pubescent. Peduncles of order 1 3–15 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 3–9 tenth from the base. Peduncles of order 2 1–3.5 mm. Pherophylls of order 2 at 1–7 tenth from the base. Peduncles of order 3 1.2–2.2 mm. Pherophylls of order 3 at 1–2 tenth from the base. Bracts deltoids or linear-triangular (rarement présentes mais parfois développées en petite feuille), pubescent, 0.5–4.5 mm, margin entire or margin ciliate or dentate. Pherophylls of order 1 opposite or subopposite, deltoid or linear-triangular, glabrous or pubescent, 0.1–0.8 mm, margin entire or margin ciliate. Male flowers 4–5 -merous (rarement 4). Calyx glabrous or pubescent (quelques poils), 1.5–3 mm in diam., margin entire or margin ciliate or dentate. Corolla 1.7–3.5 mm, petals connate on, petals 5–25 % of their length. Apex margin entire. Stamens at the anthesis longer than corolla or equal to corolla or shorter than corolla. Rudimentary ovary pyramidal or subglobulous or flattened, glabrous or pubescent.

Female flowers.— Cymes of order 1. Peduncles glabrous or pubescent (quelques poils). Peduncles of order 1 6–19 mm. Pherophylls of order 1 at 2–4 tenth of the base. Pherophylls of order 1 subopposite, linear-triangulate, glabrous, 0.4–1 mm, margin entire. Female flowers 5–6 -merous, white. Calyx glabrous, margin ciliate or dentate, 3–4.7 mm in diam. Corolla 4.3–4.8 mm, petals connate on, petals 20–25 % of their length. Apex margin ciliate (irrégulier). Staminodes sagittate, glabrous. Ovary ovoid, glabrous, stigma mamillate or capitate, stigma glabrous.

Fruits.— Fruit green or of another color than red, black or green (tacheté de violet), spherical or flattened, 6.5–11 mm in diam., 6–10 mm.

Distribution, ecology.— South America, Colombia, 1300–2800 m, sur crête sèche, forêt en milieu ouvert.

Illustrations.— • Dessin: Schlim 583 G mâle. • Planche Schlim 585 G m (IT). • Rameau Schlim 585 G m (IT). • Inflorescence Schlim 585 G m (IT). • Inflorescence Schlim 585 G m (IT). • Planche Schlim 583 K m (IT). • Inflorescence Schlim 583 K m (IT). • Limbe, face inférieure Schlim 583 K m (IT).


Cite this publication as: ‘Loizeau, P.-A. & G. Barriera (2007). Aquifoliaceae néotropicales: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, et Recherche d'Information. Version: 1st march 2007. http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/.
Loizeau (1994) et Loizeau & Spichiger (1992) should also be cited (see Bibliography).