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Monographia Aquifoliacearum - Loizeau Pierre-André & Gabrielle Barriera


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Aquifoliaceae of Neotropics

Loizeau P.-A. & G. Barriera


Ilex savannarum v. morichei in litt. Edwin

Habit, vegetative morphology.— Tree or shrub, evergreen, 1–4 m tall. Current year's branchlets glabrous. Branchlets older than one year reddish, glabrous. Stipules caducous, linear-triangular, 0.2 mm. Petiole 1–3 mm. Lamina obovate, oblong (1:2), (2.5–)4.5–6 X, (1–)1.5–2.5(–3) cm, papyraceous to coriaceous, glabrous abaxially. Base cuneate. Apex rounded. Apex retuse or rounded. Margin entire. Secondary veins 5–7 pairs. Ponctuation abaxiallly present.

Inflorescences.— Thyrsoid, heterocladic, with subthyrsoids alternate.

Male flowers.— Thyrses axes solitary and axillary. Thyrses axes 1–2 cm. Cymes of order 1. Peduncles of order 1 1.5–2 mm. Male flowers 4 -merous. Calyx glabrous, 1.2–1.5 mm in diam., margin ciliate or dentate. Corolla 1.8 mm, petals connate on, petals 30 % of their length. Stamens at the anthesis equal to corolla. Rudimentary ovary glabrous.

Female flowers.— Thyrses axes solitary and axillary. Thyrses axes 1–2 cm. Cymes of order 1. Peduncles glabrous. Peduncles of order 1 1.5–2 mm. Female flowers 4 -merous. Calyx glabrous, margin ciliate or dentate, 1.7–3.5 mm in diam. (en fructification pour la plus grande valeur). Corolla 2.2–2.3 mm, petals connate on, petals 20–25 % of their length. Ovary spherical, glabrous.

Fruits.— Fruit black (à l'état sec) or of another color than red, black or green (brun pour une drupe immature in vivo), ovoid, 5 mm in diam., 5 mm.

Distribution, ecology.— South America, Venezuela (Amazonas: Cerro Moriche), 1200–1300 m, Shrublands and broad-leaved meadows.

Illustrations.— • Planche Maguire 30935 NY.


Cite this publication as: ‘Loizeau, P.-A. & G. Barriera (2007). Aquifoliaceae néotropicales: Descriptions, Illustrations, Identification, et Recherche d'Information. Version: 1st march 2007. http://www.ville-ge.ch/cjb/.
Loizeau (1994) et Loizeau & Spichiger (1992) should also be cited (see Bibliography).