ETHMU 043175

Gong ancien de facture chinoise

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Gangha, gong (Chinese)
Philippines, Luzon, Ifugao province, Banaue
Ifugao. Ancient period (undated)
Yellow bronze with black patina, wooden handle, string
Acquired in Geneva in 1985; collected in situ in 1984
MEG Inv. ETHMU 043175
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Inventaire original MEG. Registres tapuscrits, volumes 19 à 59


Instrument collections

In a study based on the MEG collection, published in 1919, the anthropologist and doctor Georges Montandon attempted to trace the origins and descent of musical instruments throughout the world. He grouped the instruments in ensembles, presented as plates of photographs and drawings. The study ends with a geographical sketch map showing the distribution of different types of instruments across the world.

As the study was read in scientific circles, the MEG’s instrument collection, classified in this manner, was widely quoted and used by researchers working on rational classification. The diffusionist approach was later abandoned to the benefit of comparative organology and contextual inventories.


This group is harder to name than the others and was long defined by default as the class of instruments that did not belong with the wind or string instruments but were not drums either. More positively, instruments which produce sound when the rigid body of the instrument itself is made to vibrate (by knocking, striking, shaking, etc.) belong in this group. The term “idiophone,” from the Greek and Latin word idios, “by itself”, has replaced the earlier term “autophone” for this family of musical instruments.


  • Maceda, Jose. 1978. LP Ang musika ng mga Kalinga. Musika Filipina AMP 2., plage B1

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