African Plant Database


Xanthium strumarium L.
Family : ASTERACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 987 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Xanthium
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (indigenous)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Xanthium abyssinicum Wallr. (1842)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Xanthium natalense Widder (1937)
=Xanthium pungens Wallr.
=*Xanthium orientale auct. non L.
=Xanthium strumarium subsp. brasilicum (Vell.) O. Bolòs & Vigo
=Xanthium strumarium var. brasilicum (Vell.) Baker
=Xanthium brasilicum Vell. (1831)
=Xanthium antiquorum auct.
=Xanthium strumarium auct.
=Xanthium antiquorum Wallr. (1842)
=*Xanthium brevirostre Hochst. (1848)
 
Ecology and distribution
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology: annual- Herb- Ht up to 1.5 m. Alt 30 - 2125 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1997). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Gamopétales: Ericaceae à Lamiaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 4: 350

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Algérie [Munby] : 104 (1847). 
  • Lowe, R. T. (1868). Manual Flora of Madeira and hte Adjacent Islands of Porto Santo and the Desertas. London
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1889). Flore de l'Algérie [Dicot] 1(2): 568  
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 759 (1934). 
  • Canad. J. Bot. 37: 175 (1959).
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 954 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 4: 143 (1976).
  • JEFFREY, C. (1979). Compositae In L. BOULOS (ed.) - A check-list of the Libyan flora. 3. Compositae. Candollea 34: 332
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 2: 984 (1981).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 43 
  • JEANMONOD, D. (1996). Xanthium subg. Xanthium et Helychrysum italicum, deux cas taxonomiques ardus. Candollea 53: 435-457
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 229 (2002).
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. N. Maroc 2: 650 (2002).
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 203 (2008).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 125 (2009)
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 101352
 
Record n°101352 modified 2006-11-14
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