African Plant Database

Euphorbia tirucalli L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 452 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Euphorbia
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Tirucalia tirucalli (L.) P.V. Heath
 Arthrothamnus tirucalli (L.) Klotzsch & Garcke (1860)
 Euphorbia tulearensis (Rauh) Rauh (1988)
 Euphorbia cap-saintemariensis var. tulearensis Rauh (1978)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Euphorbia geayi Constantin & Gallaud
=*Euphorbia rhipsaloides Willd. (1856)
=Euphorbia tirucalli var. rhipsaloides (Willd.) Chev. (1933)
=Euphorbia laro Drake (1899)
=Euphorbia media var. bagshawei N.E. Br.
=Euphorbia media N.E. Br. (1911)
=Euphorbia rhipsalioides Lem. (1857)
=Euphorbia scoparia N.E. Br. (1913)
=Euphorbia suareziana Croizat (1934)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Densely branched often apparently dioecious shrub to 4 m or tree to 12(-15) m tall, with brittle succulent branchlets ± 7 mm thick often produced in whorls, longitudinally finely striated;
Ecology : Grassland and thin woodland; forming thickets in gullies; woodland in black clay soils; 0-2000 m alt.
  Native of E and South. tropical Africa; widely used throughout the tropics as a hedge-plant.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology: perennial-Tree, Shrub, Succulent - Ht 0.2 - 9 m. Alt: 30 - 1465 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; Subarid; Thicket, Forest, Inselberg/Rock Face; 0-499 m; distribution: Comoros, Seychelles, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:207 (2012)
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 425

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 3: 242 (1937).
  • Drug Pl. Africa : 72 (1949).
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 76 (1985).
  • SMITH G.F. , E.J. VAN JAARSVELD & AL. (1997). List of Southern African Succulent Plants. Umdaus Press : 75
  • KLOPPER R.R., CHATELAIN C,. & AL. (2006). Checklist Flowering Plants of Sub-Saharan Africa. Sabonet report 42 : 285
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°105935 modified 2007-03-29
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