African Plant Database

Euphorbia abyssinica J. F. Gmel.
Protologue : Syst. Nat., ed. 13[bis] 2(1): 759 (1791); A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 239 (1850)
Information on the genus : Euphorbia
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Euphorbia acrurensis N.E. Br. (1913)
=Euphorbia controversa N.E. Br. (1913)
=Euphorbia disclusa N.E. Br.
=Euphorbia grandis Lem.
=Euphorbia hararensis Pax (1907)
=Euphorbia neglecta N.E. Br. (1913)
=Euphorbia aethiopum Croizat (1941)
=Euphorbia erythraeae (Berger) N.E. Br.
=Euphorbia abyssinica var. erythraea A. Berger (1907)
=Euphorbia obovalifolia A. Rich. (1850) quoad typo, non sensu auct. plur.
=Euphorbia richardiana Baill.
=Euphorbia aerurensis N.E. Br.
=Euphorbia candelabrum var. erythraeae A. Berger
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree to 9 m; branches usually erect, persistent, forming a dense broadly obconical crown; stems stout, 4-8-ribbed, usually slightly but regularly constricted into segments; ribs thick, undulate only in seedlings, spiny; male flowers unknown?
Ecology : Steep rocky hillsides; sometimes forming pure stands, often around churches; locally abundant or common (Sudan: Red Sea Hills, N Ethiopia); 840-2400 m alt.
  S. Carter & U. Eggli, Cites Checklist Succulent Euphorbia, Ed. 2: 1, 2003 (with synonyms).
  The separation from E. candelabrum Trémaux ex Kotschy is very poorly understood; detailed field work needed.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1991). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Généralités et Anonaceae à Pandanaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 1: 213

Bibliography other :
  • Richard, A. (1850). Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae seu Enumeratio Plantarum hucusque in plerisque Abyssiniae Paris 2: 239  
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carte afrique num 105964
Record n°105964 modified 2008-05-23
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