African Plant Database

Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir.
Protologue : Encyclopédie Méthodique, 6: 314 (1804)
Information on the genus : Harungana
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy (1821)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Harungana paniculata Pers.
=Harungana robynsii Spirlet (1959)
=*Arungana paniculata Pers. (1807)
=Haronga paniculata Lodd. ex Steud. (1840)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Much-branched shrub or small tree (2-)3-18(-27) m, evergreen, with a straight bole and heavy canopy; bark reticulate; leaves black-gland-dotted, exuding an orange (to red) sap when torn; flower-heads large, conspicuous.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Rain-forest (and remnants) in clearings; fringing forest in savanna formations; locally abundant in recent secondary forest regrowth; widespread, common; 1-450 m (coastal) and 800- 1900 m (inland) alt.
  Not in Ethiopia. Fernando Poo (Bioko), S. Tomé; Zanzibar, Pemba, Madagascar, Mascarene Is.; S. Africa (Transvaal).
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; Humid, Subhumid, Dry; Grassland, Wooded Grassland, Woodland, Forest, Inselberg/Rock Face, Anthropic; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Exell, A. & Wild, H. (1961). Flora Zambesiaca: Mozambique, Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, Bechuanaland Protectorate. London Kew 1[2]: 392
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • (2011). Flore du Gabon. 42: 25
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:263 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 381 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°10970
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