African Plant Database

Pandanus candelabrum P. Beauv.
Protologue : Fl. Oware 1: 37. tt. 21, 22 (1804) 
Information on the genus : Pandanus
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Pandanus latiloculatus Huynh (1991)
=Pandanus abbiwii Huynh (1987)
=Pandanus akeassii var. limitatus Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus chevalieri H. St. John ex Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus columellatus Huynh (1987)
=Pandanus crassicollis Huynh (1987)
=Pandanus crassilix Huynh (1991)
=Pandanus denudatus Huynh (1987)
=Pandanus djalonensis Huynh (1987)
=Pandanus freetownensis Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus gabonensis Huynh (1986)
=Pandanus guineabissauensis Huynh (1987)
=Heterostigma heudelotianum Gaudich. (1844)
=Pandanus heudelotianus (Gaudich.) Balf. f. (1878)
=Pandanus kamerunensis Warb.
=Pandanus kerstingii Warb. (1909)
=Pandanus lachaisei Huynh (1988)
=*Pandanus leonensis Lodd. ex H. Wendl.
=Pandanus liberiensis Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus oblongicapitellatus Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus parachevalieri Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus parvicentralis Huynh (1986)
=Pandanus problematicus Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus pseudochevalieri Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus satabiei Huynh (1984)
=Pandanus sierra-leonensis Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus tenuimarginatus Huynh (1991)
=Pandanus teuszii Warb.
=Pandanus tiassaleensis Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus togoensis Warb. (1909)
=Pandanus triangularis H. St. John ex Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus umbellatus Martelli (1914)
=Pandanus akeassii Huynh (1988)
=Pandanus akeassii Huynh var. akeassii (1988)
=Pandanus barterianus Rendle
=Pandanus nigeriensis Huynh
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 3-20 m high, branched in upper part and candelabra-shaped; stem to 25 cm in diam.; proproots to 3 m high, 7-8 cm in diam. Leaves (0.7-)1-2.5(-4) m long, (2-)4-6.5(-11.5) cm wide, attenuate or caudate to 5-10 cm; marginal teeth 1.1-5.3 mm long, 2?50 mm apart, antrorse (or retrorse near base), rarely bifurcate. Pistillate inflorescence at anthesis 3.3-8 × 2.4-3.7 cm, all ovaries separate; stigma reniform. Infructescence a compound spike or a solitary syncarp. Bracts 8-13, 10-112 × 3.5-10 cm. Syncarps (1-)3-6, dark green ripening light yellow, pleasant smell, ovoid, (6-)10.5-31 × (5.5-)7-17 cm, triquetrous, basal ones smaller than terminal, each with 200?300 drupes; peduncle slightly curved, (26-)33-75 × 0.7-2.8 cm; drupes (2.5-)3-5(-7) × 0.8-2.4 × 0.5-1.6 cm, 5-6(-9)-angular, 1-3(-5)-locular; pileus conical, 5-12 mm high, sometimes with spinules below stigma; stigmas 1-3(-5), horizontal to sub-vertical, reniform; endocarp (0.6-)1-2.5 cm long, mesocarp spongy, fibrous. Staminate inflorescence 29-32 cm long, peduncle 1-4 cm, with 9-10 spikes of 14-35 × 2.2-3.5 cm each, strongly scented; bracts to 93 × 4 cm; stamens subumbellate, 6-12 fused in many fasciculate bundles ('stemonophore') 4-12 mm long; filament 0.6-7 mm, anther 1-2.4 × 0.4-0.5 mm, acuminate and often curved.
Ecology : River-banks in forest or open, swamps (in water up to 1.2 m deep), mangrove edges, in small groups or solitary; sea level-1300 m.
  The lack of good recent fertile collections from Pandanus in western Africa coupled with the very incomplete type material of P. candelabrum are both reponsible of the longlasting uncertainty around this species.
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 11997
Record n°11997 modified 2007-04-02
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