African Plant Database

Pandanus chiliocarpus Stapf
Protologue : J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37: 530 (1906)
Information on the genus : Pandanus
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Pandanus hemiacanthus Peter (1929)
=*Pandanus sessilis Bojer (1837)
=*Pandanus ugandaensis H. St. John
=*Pandanus welwitschii auct. sensu Peter, non Rendle
=*Pandanus africanus H. St. John
=*Pandanus kasaiensis H. St. John
=*Pandanus kigomaensis H. St. John
=*Pandanus rotundus H. St. John
=*Pandanus ugandaensis H. St. John
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 7-15 m high, stem c. 10-20 cm in diam.; proproots many, to 0.5-1 m high, 5-7 cm across. Leaves (smaller on side branches, larger in terminal tuft) 1.3-2.7 m long, 4-8 cm wide; marginal spines 3-5 mm long, 6-16(-30) mm apart. Syncarps (presumably solitary) 13-38 × 7.5-20 cm, somewhat trigonous, with c. 1800 drupes; peduncle 25-35 cm long with scars of 8 bracts, these to 65 × 3.4 cm; drupes 33-60 × 10-16 × 7-10 mm, 5-6-angular, 1(-2)-locular; pileus sub-conical, 4?6 mm high; stigmas 1(-3), horizontal to sub-vertical, reniform; endocarp 12-15 mm long, mesocarp fibrous. Staminate inflorescence 14-26 cm long, with 4-6 spathes each 7-11 cm long, 1.4?2 cm across ; lower bract 10.5 × 3.1 cm, upper bract 4.5 × 0.6 cm, spiny on midrib and margins; stamens subumbellate with 6-8 stamens per umbel, stemonophore (3-)5-8 mm long, filaments (0.6-)1.5-5.3 mm, anthers 1.8-2.8 × 0.7-0.8 mm, base equal to slightly unequal, apiculate.
Ecology : Swamps and stream-beds in forest, riverine forest, gregarious; 750-1200 m.
  There are clear relationships with P. candelabrum and P. welwitschii, especially for the collections from Democratic Republic of the Congo that are associated with P. chiliocarpus tentatively.
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
carte afrique num 11999
Record n°11999
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