African Plant Database


Urtica dioica L.
Family : URTICACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 984 (1753)
Information on the genus : Urtica
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for TA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Urtica dioica var. capensis Wedd.
=Urtica eckloniana Blume
=Urtica eckloniana var. flavovirens Blume
=Urtica dioica var. angustifolia Schltr. (1832)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect perennial herb 30-150 cm tall, dark green, dioecious, with a creeping rhizome; all parts with stinging hairs; stipules linear; inflorescences much branched, c. 10 cm long, male and female ones similar.
Ecology : Very variable [for subspecies, etc., see M. Weigend, Urtica dioica subsp. cypria, with a re-evaluation of the U. dioica group (Urticaceaea) in western Asia. Willdenowia 36: 811-822].
  Not mapped.
  Introduced weed, also in S. Africa (cf. Friis & Immelman, Fl. South. Afr. 9, Urticaceae: 3, 5, 2001 (with regional map).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology: perennial -Herb - Ht 0.3 - 1 m. Alt: 1000 - 1920 m. Distribution: EC, NC, WC

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 146 (1992).
  • Fl. S. Africa 9: 3 (2001).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 665 (2006).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BATTANDIER, J. A. & TRABUT, M. (1888). Flore de l'Algérie. Dicotyledones. [1-184] Monocotyledones par L. Trabut. [p.810]
  • JAHANDIEZ, E. & R. MAIRE (1931). Catalogue des Plantes du Maroc. Minerva, Lechevalier éds., Alger. [p.168]
  • MAIRE, R. (1961). FLORE DE L'AFRIQUE DU NORD. Lechevalier éd., Paris, [p.156]
  • QUÉZEL, P. & S. SANTA (1962). NOUVELLE FLORE DE L'ALGÉRIE et des régions désertiques méridionales. vol. [1] CNRS., Paris. [p.278]
  • TUTIN, T. G. & al. (ed.) (1964). Flora Europaea. (vol.1) ed.1 Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. [p.79]
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1989). Flora of Libya. Al Faateh University. Tripoli. [p.12]
  • POTTIER-ALAPETITE, G (1979). Flore de la Tunisie [vol. 1]. Publié par les soins de A. NABLI. Ministère de l'Enseign. Sup. et de la Rech. Scient. et Ministère de l'Agric. Tunis. [p.18]
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 1 Ketrès éditoria, Barcelona, 1987. Vol.1: [1]-485. [p.155]
  • CASTROVIEJO S. & al. (ed.) (1993). Flora Iberica. Real Jardín Botaníco, C.S.I.C. Servicio de Publicaciones. Madrid. 1983- Vol. 3: [i]-liv, [1]-730. [p.264]
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (1999). Flore pratique du Maroc. vol. [1] Trav. Inst. Sci., Série Bot. 36. Rabat. [p.128]
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: [390]
  • Le Floc'H, E. & L. Boulos (2008). Flore de Tunisie. Catalogue synonymique commenté. Montpellier. 461pp. [p.300]
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 122335
 
Record n°122335 modified 2007-01-11
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