African Plant Database

Viscum rotundifolium L. f.
Family : Viscaceae
Protologue : Suppl. Pl. 426 (1782) 
Information on the genus : Viscum
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Viscum bosciae-foetidae Dinter (1928)
=Viscum glaucum Eckl. & Zeyh. (1830)
=Viscum macowanii Engl. (1894)
=Viscum thymifolium C. Presl (1849)
=Viscum tricostatum E. Mey. ex Harv.
=Viscum ziziphi-mucronati Dinter (1909)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Leafy monoecious densely branched shrub, light pale green, glaucous, <0,5 m tall, forming small rounded clusters; distal branches rounded, 6-ribbed, 1-1,5 mm Ø; leaves very variable (elliptic-oblong to ovate-suborbicular), sessile, often glaucous;[…]
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Ecology : Dry shrubland; mixed woodland and bushland; on a very wide range of hosts (e.g. Acacia, Boscia, Carissa, Ehretia, Euclea, Grewia, Maytenus, Olea, Passerina, Rhamnus, Rhigozum, Rhus, Salix), also epiparasite on Tapinanthus (Loranthaceae) and Viscum.
  Extremely variable.
  10-1950 m alt. (S. Africa). With V. schaeferi Engl. & K. Krause (S. Africa) and V. pauciflorum L. f. (Namibia, S. Africa) forming a closely related group, often with confusion between species.
  The most widespread Viscum in southern Africa. Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland. – Could be expected in S Mozambique. – Also in S Haut-Katanga (Zaire): Elisabethville (fide Balle in Fl. Congo Belge 1: 375-376, 1948).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology: perennial -Shrub, Parasite - Ht 0.2 - 0.5 m. Alt: 10 - 1950 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa : 554 (1966).
  • Field Guide Wild Flrs Witwatersrand : 308 (1988).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 159 (1997).
  • Wild Flrs north. South Africa : 126. (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 123698
Record n°123698
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