African Plant Database


Viscum triflorum DC.
Family : SANTALACEAE
Protologue : Prodr. (DC.) 4: 279 (1830) 
Information on the genus : Viscum
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Viscum nervosum Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1848)
=Viscum triflorum subsp. nervosum (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) M.G. Gilbert (1985)
=Viscum minutiflorum Engl. & K. Krause (1909)
=Viscum nervosum var. nyanzense (Rendle) Sprague
=Viscum nyanzense Rendle (1905)
=Viscum nervosum var. angustifolium Sprague
=Viscum spathulatum Lecomte (1927)
=Viscum comorense Lecomte (1927)
=Viscum venosum var. lanceolatum DC. (1830)
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Small leafy monoecious, yellow-green shrub forming globose clusters 30-50 cm tall; distal branches when young slightly flattened, delicate, 6-ribbed, 1-1,5 mm wide, older ones rounded; leaves variable, relatively thin, ± sessile,[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Montane and (dry) riverine forest, montane forest margins and associated bushland and woodland; evergreen forests of all types; fringes of coastal forest; on a wide range of hosts (e.g. Rhus, Croton macrostachyus [...]).
  Variable in shape of leaves; but a distinctive species.
  near sea-level-2350 m alt.Perhaps closely related to V. tuberculatum but with smooth white fruits. – With V. petiolatum forming the V. triflorum group. – Related to species occurring in Madagascar.Scattered but locally common in E part of Africa.
  São Tomé; E S. Africa, Swaziland; Indian Ocean islands (Comores, Mascarenes, Seychelles). – The African material has been distinguished as subspecies nervosum (also in Saudi Arabia). – With an unusual disjunct distribution.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : biology: perennial -Shrub, Parasite - Ht 0.3 - 0.5 m. Alt: Distribution: EC, KN, LP, MP, SWZ
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Parasite; distribution: Comoros, Africa,

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 159 (1997).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 676 (2006).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 123719
 
Record n°123719 modified 2007-01-30
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