African Plant Database

Cleome gynandra L.
Family : Capparaceae
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: ? (1753)
Information on the genus : Cleome
Status for NA : accepted (weed)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gynandropsis gynandra (L.) Briq. (1914)
 Pedicellaria gynandra (L.) Chiov.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cleome pentaphylla L.
=Pedicellaria pentaphylla (L.) Schrank
=Gynandropsis pentaphylla (L.) DC. (1824)
=Cleome heterotricha Burch. (1822)
=Gynandropsis heterotricha (Burch.) DC. (1824)
=Gynandropsis triphylla (L.) DC.
=Cleome triphylla L.
=Cleome candelabrum Sims
=Cleome acuta Schumach. & Thonn.
=Cleome denticulata (DC.) Schult. f.
=Gynandropsis denticulata DC.
=Cleome eckloniana Schrad.
=Gynandropsis pentaphylla var. sativa A. Chev.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect, annual herb, 20-120 cm.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Wet places, sometimes weedy, open dune vegetation; 10-540 (-1850) m alt. (Somalia) ? Disturbed or cultivated ground, roadsides, perhaps wild on rocky shallow soil in deciduous bushland; 0-2400 m alt. (E Africa).
  Common. S. Africa; Madagascar; most of the tropics and subtropics.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : annual-Herb- Ht 0.25 - 0.6 states: BOT, NAM, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. S. Africa 13: 138-139 (1970).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 41 (1986).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 1: 156 (1984).
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 38
  • BOULOS, L. (1999). Flora of Egypt 1: 181
  • Collect. Bot. (Barcelona) 30: 29-35 (2011)
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 12757
Record n°12757 modified 2007-04-16
Feedback about this record