African Plant Database

Cleome hirta (Klotzsch) Oliv.
Family : Capparaceae
Protologue : Fl. Trop. Afr. [Oliver et al.] 1: 81 (1868)
Information on the genus : Cleome
Basionym : Decastemon hirtus Klotzsch
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Polanisia hirta (Klotzsch) Pax (1889)
 Decastemon hirtus Klotzsch (1861)
 Sieruela hirta (Klotzsch) Roalson & J.C. Hall (2017)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cleome bechuanensis Bremek. & Oberm. (1935)
=Cleome glandulosissima Gilg (1895)
=Cleome scheffleri Briq. (1914)
=Cleome pulcherrima Buscal. & Muschl. (1913)
=Cleome hildebrandtii Gilg & Gilg-Ben. (1915)
=Cleome giorgii De Wild. (1927)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual or short-lived, bushy perennial herb, to 1,5 m.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Deciduous bushland and grassland, often a weed of roadsides and cultivated ground; 0-1850 m alt. (E Africa) – Open woodlands in rainfall areas of usually less than 750 mm: Acacia or Colophospermum mopane woodland (Fl. Zambes. area).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.5 - 1.8 states: BOT, NAM, GA, LP, MP, SWZ
Biol./Eco : Herb; Subhumid; Freshwater Wetland, Anthropic; 1000-1499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. S. Africa 13: 127 (1970).
  • Wild Flrs Rhodesia : (1976).
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 56 (1985).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°12760
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