African Plant Database

Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl
Protologue : Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 32 (1809)
Information on the genus : Cladium
Basionym : Schoenus mariscus L.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cladium mariscus (L.) R. Br.
 Schoenus mariscus L. (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cladium durandoi Chabert (1889)
=Mariscus serratus Gilib. (1792)
=Mariscus serratus var. durandoi (Chabert) Trab.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : It is characterized by rather compact partial inflorescences with 3-10 spikelets in the clusters, spikelets 6-8 mm long, and nut smooth and dark brown to blackish, 2-3 mm long.
Ecology : Ornamental; fibres used for cheap paper; thatching; weed in rice-fields. Large stands are important as a refuge for wildlife. Can be confused with Rhynchospora corymbosa, but spikelets are longer in the latter species (7,5-10 mm long, not 3,1-5,7 mm).
  Europe, N Africa and SW Asia, including Caucasas

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 949 (1941).  
  • Fl. Afrique N. 4: 95 (1957). 
  • NÈGRE, R. (1961). Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental. 1: 93
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 172 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 288 (1980).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 120: 41
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 243 
  • BOULOS, L. (1995). Flora of Egypt. Checklist.
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 4: 404 (2005).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie: catalogue synonymique commenté
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 479
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°129230 modified 2009-09-24
Feedback about this record