African Plant Database

Cynomorium coccineum L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 970 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Cynomorium
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cynomorium coccineum L. subsp. coccineum
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cynomorium purpureum Rupr. (1869)
=*Cynomorium songaricum auct.
Taxon infra-specific
Cynomorium coccineum L. subsp. coccineum
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Fleshy, club-shaped (fungus-like, described as a fungus from Malta, the General's Rock or Fungus Rock near Island Gozo, and illustrated as Fungus typhoides liburnensis, Tillandz, Icon. nov. in usum select. …, 1683), […]
  see more in the book
Ecology : On compacted sands, along roadsides (owing to the distribution of its hosts); salty marshes in the desert, saline sandy ground; coastal sands and dunes; – On a wide range of hosts, in particular Chenopodiaceae, also Tamarix, Zygophyllum,etc.
  from sea-level to ? m alt. (200 m in Iraq).The soft white inner part of the plant after removal of outer skin is edible, crispy, sweetish (Saudi Arabia); sheep and goats are reported to feed on the plant (Syria), […]
  Plant with a wide distribution, from the Canary Isl., Lanzarote; through the Mediterranean coastal regions to Mongolia and China; reaching tropical Africa in Mauritania and Somalia; S Portugal, S & E Spain, Ibiza, Corsica […]

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 517 (1932).  
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 642 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 1: 75 (1964).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1976). Flora of Libya.
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 558 (1979).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 3: 176 (1986).
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 216 
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • Fl. Iberica 8: 169 (1997). 
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 152 (2000).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 203

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under herbiergdebelair
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°132216
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