African Plant Database


Sansevieria aethiopica Thunb.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Family (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : Prodr. Pl. Cap. 1: 65 (1794) 
Information on the genus : Sansevieria
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sansevieria scabrifolia Dinter (1932)
=*Sansevieria glauca Gérôme & Labroy (1812)
=Sansevieria caespitosa Dinter (1926)
=*Sansevieria thunbergii Mattei
=Aletris hyacinthoides var. zeylanica Aiton
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Rhizomatous perennial forming large colonies; rhizome long, with new shoots placed far apart; leaves in clusters of 3-15, in rosette, partly folded, erect to somewhat recurved, sometimes with paler green transverse bands, 25-40x1-2 cm, rough to touch, apex spiny to 1,5 cm long, margins white cartilaginous with inner red line; inflorescence 40-95 cm long, with a dense spike-like pseudoraceme 22-56x4-6 cm; peduncle 25-40 cm long; pedicels 0,5-1 cm long; flowers white, (greenish-)cream, sometimes purple-tinged, in clusters of 4-6, opening at night; perianth 3,5-5 cm long, tube 2-3,5 cm, tepals 1,1-2 cm long, fruit 1-3-lobed, red when ripe.
Ecology : Sand or sandy pockets on rock; open sunny sloping scree with Euphorbia, Commiphora virgata, C. glaucescens, Boschia tomentosa, Acacia mellifera, etc. (vide Sansevieria 23: 9, 2010); 200-1450 m alt.
  Cultivated in Europe since about 1700. Plants in cultivation under the name S. caespitosa are S. parva (fide Sansevieria 17: 21, 2007).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.2 - 0.75 m. Alt: 100 - 1465 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, GA, LP, NC, NW

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Pl. South Africa 6: t.212 (1926).
  • Ethnobotany of the Kwanyama Ovambos : 108 (1985).
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 69 (1997).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 14141
 
Record n°14141
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