African Plant Database

Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles Rep. 3: 423 (1913)
Information on the genus : Sansevieria
Basionym : Aloe hyacinthoides L.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (cultivated)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Aloe hyacinthoides L.
 Aletris hyacinthoides (L.) L.
 Cordyline hyacinthoides (L.) W. Wight
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sansevieria angustiflora Lindb. (1871)
=Sansevieria grandis var. zuluensis N.E. Br.
=Veltheimia guineensis (L.) Neck.
=Salmia guineensis (L.) Cav.
=Acyntha guineensis (L.) Medik.
=Cordyline guineensis (L.) Britton
=Aletris guineensis (L.) Jacq.
=Aloe hyacinthoides var. guineensis L. (1762)
=Sansevieria guineensis (L.) Willd. (1799)
=Acyntha thyrsiflora (Thunb.) Kuntze
=Sansevieria thyrsiflora Thunb. (1794)
=Sansevieria latifolia Bojer (1837)
=Sansevieria grandis Hook. f. (1903)
=Pleomele aloifolia Salisb.
=Salmia spicata Cav.
=Sanseverinia thyrsiflora Petagna
=Sansevieria angustifolia Baker
=Sansevieria ceylonica Oken
=Sansevieria fulvocincta Haw.
=Sansevieria laetevirens Haw.
=Sansevieria macrophylla Sastrapradja
=Sansevieria nobilis God. -Leb.
=Sansevieria polyphylla Haw.
=Sansevieria rufocincta Baker
=Sansevieria spicata (Cav.) Haw.
=Sansevieria stenophylla Link
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Stemless herb; rhizome c. 1,2 cm Ø; leaves rosulate, 2-8 to a node, ± lanceolate, 15-70x3-12 cm, erect, smooth, base narrowed and folded for c. 5 cm, dull green with numerous pale transverse bands, margins whitish with red-brown line; pseudo-raceme spike-like, 45-82 cm tall including peduncle 17-53 cm long; raceme c. 7 cm wide; flowers greenish-white, white or pale yellow tinged with brown or mauve, in irregular clusters of 2-6; perianth 3-5 cm long; tube 2-3 cm, lobes 1,4-2 cm; berry 0,6-1 cm wide, bright orange when ripe.
Ecology : Sandy or stony soils; usually under shade of trees and bushes; termite mounds; Combretum, Mopane woodland; 50-1050 m alt.
  Many specimens of S. hyacinthoides are cited in flora lists or labelled in herbaria S. conspicua N. E. Br. (Fl. Zambes. l.c.).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.1 - 0.6 m. Alt: 5 - 1600 m. Distribution: EC, GA, KN, LP, MP, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 69 (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°14147
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