African Plant Database

Dracaena aletriformis (Haw.) Bos
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Fl. S. Africa 5(3): 3 (1992)
Information on the genus : Dracaena
Basionym : Yucca aletriformis Haw.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Yucca aletriformis Haw. (1831)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Cordyline rumphii Hook. (1847)
=Dracaena rumphii (Hook.) Regel (1871)
=*Dracaena hookeriana K. Koch (1861)
=Draco hookeriana (K. Koch) Kuntze (1891)
=Pleomele hookeriana (K. Koch) N.E. Br. (1914)
=Dracaena latifolia Regel (1871)
=*Sansevieria paniculata Schinz (1894)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree evergreen, 3-5 m tall with erect branched stem; leaves congested towards branch ends, strap-shaped, the oldest ones pendent, sessile, 0,25-1 m x 2,5-11 cm, with scarious white margins c. 1 mm wide; base sheathing, apex acute, tapering gradually into a filiform tip; inflorescence erect, paniculate, green, 0,2-1,5 m long; flowers in groups of 1-4, strongly scented; pedicels 0,5-1 cm long, articulated above middle; perianth greenish white, sometimes flushed with pink, 1,9-4,2 cm long, tube 0,7-1,2 cm long, lobes 1,2-2 cm x 1,5-2 mm; fruit orange or red, usually globose, sometimes lobed, 0,7-1,9 cm Ø.
Ecology : Evergreen or semi-deciduous forest; bushland on coral rag; coastal bush and forest; 50- c. 750 m alt.
  Variable in size of flowers (even on the same plant), size of leaves.
  S. Africa, Swaziland. – Rare in tropical Africa, and area very disjunct.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree- Ht 1 - 5 m. Alt: 5 - 1525 m. Distribution: EC, KN, LP, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 69 (1997).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 755 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°14248
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