African Plant Database

Dracaena mannii Baker
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : J. Bot. 12: 164 (1874) 
Information on the genus : Dracaena
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Draco mannii (Baker) Kuntze
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dracaena usambarensis Engl. (1894)
=Dracaena reflexa var. nitens (Welw. ex Baker) Baker
=Dracaena nitens Welw. ex Baker (1878)
=Dracaena perrottetii var. minor Baker
=Draco perrottetii (Baker) Kuntze
=Dracaena perrottetii Baker var. perrottetii (1874)
=Dracaena perrottetii Baker (1874)
=Dracaena pseudoreflexa Mildbr. (1910)
=Dracaena thomsoniana H. J. Veitch ex Mast. & T. Moore
=Dracaena gazensis Rendle (1911)
=Pleomele heudelotii N.E. Br.
=Pleomele nitens (Welw. ex Baker) N.E. Br.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 2,4-30 m tall, evergreen, single-stemmed or often multi-stemmed or much branched from near ground; stem with prominent leaf scars, to 2 m Ø; leaves clustered near branch ends, 4-50x0,3-4,5 cm, base cuneate but the very base half-amplexicaule, apex acute; inflorescence erect, racemose to paniculate, continous to stem and branches; flowers 2-6 together, rarely solitary, sweet-scented; pedicels 1-9 mm long, orange in fruit; flowers creamy white or pure white, 1,2-5 cm long, yellow-green outside, tips of lobes greenish to purple, tube 0,3-2,5 cm long, lobes 0,8-2,4x0,2-0,3 cm; fruit orange to scarlet, globose or lobed, 1-3,2 cm Ø.
Ecology : Moist forest, often near streams; riverine forest; lakeshore bushland; forest margins; secondary bushland; locally common; transitional woodland; rocky hill; evergreen thickets; 0-2000 m alt.
  Grown for shade, live fencing, marking graves and boundaries, also as ornamental. Stems also used for fodder.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 2 - 5 m. Alt: 30 - 155 m. Distribution: KN

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 69 (1997).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 756 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 14251
Record n°14251
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