African Plant Database


Dracaena mannii Baker
Family : Dracaenaceae
Family (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : J. Bot. 12: 164 (1874) 
Information on the genus : Dracaena
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Draco mannii (Baker) Kuntze
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dracaena usambarensis Engl. (1894)
=Dracaena reflexa var. nitens (Welw. ex Baker) Baker
=Dracaena nitens Welw. ex Baker (1878)
=Dracaena perrottetii var. minor Baker
=Draco perrottetii (Baker) Kuntze
=Dracaena perrottetii Baker var. perrottetii (1874)
=Dracaena perrottetii Baker (1874)
=Dracaena pseudoreflexa Mildbr. (1910)
=Dracaena thomsoniana H. J. Veitch ex Mast. & T. Moore
=Dracaena gazensis Rendle (1911)
=Pleomele heudelotii N.E. Br.
=Pleomele nitens (Welw. ex Baker) N.E. Br.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree 2,4-30 m tall, evergreen, single-stemmed or often multi-stemmed or much branched from near ground; stem with prominent leaf scars, to 2 m Ø; leaves clustered near branch ends, 4-50x0,3-4,5 cm, base cuneate but the very base half-amplexicaule, apex acute; inflorescence erect, racemose to paniculate, continous to stem and branches; flowers 2-6 together, rarely solitary, sweet-scented; pedicels 1-9 mm long, orange in fruit; flowers creamy white or pure white, 1,2-5 cm long, yellow-green outside, tips of lobes greenish to purple, tube 0,3-2,5 cm long, lobes 0,8-2,4x0,2-0,3 cm; fruit orange to scarlet, globose or lobed, 1-3,2 cm Ø.
Ecology : Moist forest, often near streams; riverine forest; lakeshore bushland; forest margins; secondary bushland; locally common; transitional woodland; rocky hill; evergreen thickets; 0-2000 m alt.
  Grown for shade, live fencing, marking graves and boundaries, also as ornamental. Stems also used for fodder.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 2 - 5 m. Alt: 30 - 155 m. Distribution: KN

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • List South. African Succ. Pl. : 69 (1997).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 756 (2006).
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
 
Map
carte afrique num 14251
 
Record n°14251
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