African Plant Database

Dracaena fragrans (L.) Ker Gawl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Bot. Mag. 27: t. 1081 (1808)
Information on the genus : Dracaena
Basionym : Aletris fragrans L.
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Sansevieria fragrans (L.) Jacq.
 Dracaena butayei De Wild. (1907)
 Dracaena deisteliana Engl. (1902)
 Dracaena deremensis Engl. (1902)
 Dracaena linderi Hort.
 Dracaena smithii Baker ex Hook. f. (1875)
 Dracaena steudneri var. kilimandscharica Engl.
 Dracaena ugandensis Baker (1898)
 Aletris fragrans L. (1762)
 Cordyline fragrans (L.) Planch.
 Draco fragrans (L.) Kuntze
 Pleomele deremensis (Engl.) N.E. Br.
 Pleomele smithii (Baker ex Hook. f.) N.E. Br.
 Pleomele ugandensis (Baker) N.E. Br.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Aloe fragrantissima Jacq.
=Dracaena albanensis Sander ex Mast.
=Dracaena aureolus W. Bull ex Mast.
=Dracaena broomfieldii Sander ex Mast.
=Dracaena broomfieldii var. superba Sander ex Mast.
=Dracaena ensifolia var. greigii Regel
=Dracaena janssensii Mast.
=Dracaena massangeana Rodigas
=Dracaena victoria W. Bull
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or tree, 1,5-25 m tall; stem single, to 30 cm Ø, or in forest with a mass of horizontal stems near the ground from which vertical stems arise; leaves sessile, strap-shaped to oblanceolate, 0,7-1,5 m long x 2-12 cm wide, base attenuate, sheathing the stem, apex acute; inflorescence erect, rarely pendent, paniculate, 0,15-1,6 m long; flowers in multiflowered glomerules, very fragrant, buds purple or pink, flowers with tube white, lobes with a fine red to purple line, 1,5-2,5 cm long, tube 0,5-1,1 cm, lobes 0,7-1,2 cm x 3 mm; fruit bright orange, depressed globose, 1,1-1,9 cm Ø, sometimes lobed.
Ecology : Rain-forest with Chrysophyllum albidum, Cola gigantea, Erythrophleum suaveolens, Alstonia boonei, Parinari excelsa, Milicia excelsa; Albizia gummifera forest; often near streams; locally common and forming thickets; 600-2250 m alt.
  Very variable (extensive synonymy).
  Used for hedges, living fences; propagation easy from cut twigs; pantropical ornamental; often planted in cemeteries, shrines.
  The distribution is most frequently of anthropogenous origin; and “most if not all specimens in our area [= W. Africa] seem to have been planted” (Hawthorne & Jongkind, o.c.: 882).

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
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see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Fgui
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°14296 modified 2007-04-02
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