African Plant Database

Euphorbia balsamifera Aiton
Protologue : Hortus Kew. 2: 137 (1789)
Information on the genus : Euphorbia
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Euphorbia balsamifera Aiton subsp. balsamifera
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Euphorbia rogeri N.E. Br. (1913)
=Euphorbia balsamifera var. rogeri (N.E. Br.) Maire (1938)
=Euphorbia sepium N.E. Br. (1911)
=Euphorbia balsamifera subsp. sepium (N.E. Br.) Maire (1938)
Taxon infra-specific
Euphorbia balsamifera Aiton subsp. balsamifera
Euphorbia balsamifera subsp. adenensis (Deflers) P.R.O. Bally
Euphorbia balsamifera subsp. sepium (N.E. Br.) Maire (1938)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Dichotomously branching shrub 0,7-3 m tall, with semi-succulent branches 5-10 mm thick, covered with transversely elongated leaf-scars; not spiny.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Clayey soil on plain with E. officinarum; sandy-clayey soil; compact sand overlying laterite or shallow sandstone formation; scree; rocky limestone and gypseous soils with low open scrub vegetation; etc...
  Canary Is., Morocco; Arabia (M. A. Rahman & al., Bangladesh J. Pl. Taxon. 9/1: 37, 2002).
  Comprises 2 subspp. (disjunct area).
  Commonly grown in hedges. Evergreen in very favorable situations. MOLERO, J. & al. (2002). £Pl. Syst. Evol.£ 231: 109-132. [see more in the book]

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: C.2574, 450 (1938) 
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 4: 1062 (1941). 
  • VINDT, J. (1960). Monographie des Euphorbiacées du Maroc; Révision, systématique, anatomie. Trav. Inst. Sci. Chérifien, Sér. Bot. 12: 45
  • Med-Checklist 3: 206 (1986).
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique

Bibliography other :
  • Villaverde T, L. Pokorny & al. (2018). Bridging the micro- and macroevolutionary levels in phylogenomics: Hyb-Seq solves relationships from populations to species and above. New Phytol. : 1-15 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 142988
Record n°142988
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