African Plant Database

Euphorbia cuneata Vahl
Protologue : Symb. Bot. (Vahl) 2: 53 (1791)
Information on the genus : Euphorbia
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Euphorbia cuneata Vahl subsp. cuneata
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Euphorbia cuneata var. carpasus Boiss.
Taxon infra-specific
Euphorbia cuneata Vahl subsp. cuneata
Euphorbia cuneata subsp. cretacea S. Carter (1992)
Euphorbia cuneata subsp. lamproderma S. Carter
Euphorbia cuneata var. pumilans S. Carter (1980)
Euphorbia cuneata var. spinescens
Euphorbia cuneata subsp. wajirensis S. Carter
Euphorbia cuneata subsp. spinescens (Pax) S. Carter
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Woody shrub 1-4 m tall; branches with alternating spine-tipped branchlets to 12 cm long, spreading at right-angles.
Ecology : Sandy soils near the shore or in coastal forest; red- or dry-sandy soils and lava plains in open Acacia-Commiphora bushland; grassland; rocky slopes; limestone or basement complex slopes; on gypsum bearing soils; 0-1750 m alt.
  Comprises 5 subspp. (widespread and variable).
  Apparently introduced as a hedge plant along the E African coast as far south as Mozambique.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Med-Checklist 3: 210 (1986).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 56 (2000).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 143038
Record n°143038
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