African Plant Database

Dracaena steudneri Engl.
Family : Dracaenaceae
Protologue : Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas 143 (1895)
Information on the genus : Dracaena
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Pleomele steudneri (Engl.) N.E. Br.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dracaena papahu Engl.
=Pleomele papahu (Engl.) N.E. Br.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 3-25 m tall, palm-like; stems single, 20-45 cm Ø, crown branched; leaves clustered at branch ends, outer ones drooping, inner ones erect, sessile, lanceolate, 0,4-1,3 m x 4-16 cm, base narrowed, clasping, apex attenuate towards acute tip; inflorescence erect becoming pendulous in fruit, paniculate, 0,3-2x1,5 m, flowers in globose groups to 100 flowers; perianth white, cream or greenish white, 1,9-1,8x0,6-1 cm, lobes 0,5-0,8 cmx0,5-1 mm; fruit globose, bronze to dark purple to blackish red, 1,2-3 cm Ø.
Ecology : Moist of dry forest; evergreen forest; forest margins; forest remnants; secondary forest; gallery; often gregarious; 700-2300 m alt.
  Similar to D. fragrans (with shorter leaves, inflorescence branching different).
  Often planted, for ornament, shade around churches, graves, as live fences, bee forage.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°14355
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