African Plant Database

Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile
Family : Mimosaceae
Protologue : Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 79 (1813)
Information on the genus : Acacia
Basionym : Mimosa nilotica L.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile subsp. nilotica
 Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile var. nilotica
 Acacia nilotica var. vera Roberty
 Mimosa nilotica L. (1753)
 Acacia scorpioides var. nilotica (L.) A. Chev. (1927)
 Vachellia nilotica P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb. (2008)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Mimosa scorpioides L. (1753)
=Acacia scorpioides (L.) W. Wight (1905)
=Acacia arabica auct.
=Acacia arabica var. nilotica (L.) Benth. (1842)
Taxon infra-specific
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana (Benth.) Brenan
Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan
Acacia nilotica subsp. leiocarpa Brenan
Acacia nilotica subsp. tomentosa (Benth.) Brenan (1957)
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile subsp. nilotica
Acacia nilotica subsp. subalata (Vatke) Brenan (1957)
Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Delile var. nilotica
Acacia nilotica subsp. adstringens (Schumach. & Thonn.) Roberty (1948)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree (1, 2-)3-15 m, with flattened or rounded crown; stem short, 20-30 cm Ø, or more; bark longitudinally fissured, neither powdery nor peeling; young branchlets sometimes with glands; stipules spinescent, straight or deflexed, in pairs;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Habitats very variable. Woodland, river banks, 600-1100 m alt. (subsp. nilotica, Ethiopia, Sudan). - Wooded grassland, deciduous and semi-evergreen bushland, dry scrub with trees, valley scrub, semi-desert grassland, etc...
  Extremely variable in : form of pods, pubescence of branchlets and pods, presence of glands on branchlets.
  N Africa (Libya; not in Morocco = A. gummifera Willd., endemic); Egypt; S. Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland; Arabia, S Iran, Pakistan, India [see more in the book]
  Comprises 7 subspp. in Africa (9 in all). - [Subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan native of India only (introduced in tropical Africa, e. g. Ethiopia, Tanzania, Zanzibar; Angola)]. [see more in the book]
  Subsp. indica cultivated, sometimes naturalized; subsp. adstringens also introduced as a shade tree; subsp. subalata also cultivated and naturalized in SW Madagascar. Used in reafforestation, and as field enclosures; [see more in the book]
Biol./Eco : Shrub; Subarid; Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BERHAUT, J. (1967). Flore du Sénégal (éd. 2).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1978). Flora of Libya. 60: 4
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 4: 3 (1989).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 368 (1999).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 145532
Record n°145532 modified 2012-03-09
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