African Plant Database

Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne
Family : Mimosaceae
Protologue : Getreue Darstell. Gew. 10: t. 31 (1827)
Information on the genus : Acacia
Basionym : Mimosa tortilis Forssk.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. tortilis
 Mimosa tortilis Forssk. (1775)
 Vachellia tortilis (Forssk.) Banfi & Galasso (2008)
Taxon infra-specific
Acacia tortilis subsp. heteracantha (Burch.) Brenan (1957)
Acacia tortilis var. spirocarpa (1957)
Acacia tortilis var. crinita Chiov.
Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne subsp. tortilis
Acacia tortilis var. pubescens A. Chev.
Acacia tortilis var. raddiana (Savi) Brenan (1957)
Acacia tortilis var. flava Nongon. (1976)
Acacia tortilis subsp. spirocarpa (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Brenan
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree (1-)4-12-21 m, or sometimes a shrub; crown typically flattened, spreading, sometimes rounded; roots long, deep (sandbinder of dunes); young branchlets glabrous or pubescent;
  see more in the book
Ecology : Widespread throughout Africa. - Subsp. tortilis: Desert wadis, sandy desert and semi-desert plains, dry byshland (usually in water catchment areas in Egypt); up to c. 600 m alt.
  Vary variable in: pubescence, presence of glands, shape and size of pods; pubescence of young branchlets and leaves; number of pinnae and number of leaflets per pinna. - See also under Subspecies below.
  N Africa from Morocco to Egypt (subsp. raddiana, subsp. tortilis); Arabia, Israel (subsp. tortilis); C Namibia, N Botswana, Swaziland, N S. Africa (subsp. heteracantha); Madagascar (subsp. raddiana) but probably introduced.
  Comprises (in Africa) 4 subspp., and 2 vars. within subsp. raddiana.
  GROUZIS, M. & E. LE FLOC'H, Eds. (2003); GUFU OBA (1998).
  Very distinctive species, rarely confused with others with its mixture of long white and short hooked thorns, small tufted leaves (2,5x1,5 cm) and minute leaflets, and ± coiled small, rounded pods. [see more in the book]
Biol./Eco : Tree; Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Thicket, Woodland, Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:257 (2012)

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • Battandier, J.A. & L.C. Trabut (1902). Flore Analytique et Synoptique de l'Algerie et de la Tunisie.   
  • Durand, E. & Baratte (1910). Florae Libycae Prodromus ou catalogue raisonné des plantes de Tripolitaine.
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1914). Piantae Tripolitanae.
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1931). Prodromo della Flora Cirenaica.  
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1978). Flora of Libya. 60: 2
  • Med-Checklist 4: 3 (1989).
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 366 (1999).
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 38
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°145547 modified 2008-10-20
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