African Plant Database

Cassia senna L.
Family : Caesalpiniaceae
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 377 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Cassia
Status for NA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Senna alexandrina Mill.
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Senna alexandrina Mill.
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cassia senna L. var. senna
 Senna alexandrina Mill. (1768)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Senna acutifolia (Delile) Batka
=Cassia acutifolia Delile (1813)
=Cassia angustifolia Vahl (1790)
=Cassia lanceolata Forssk. (1775)
=Cassia senna var. eriocarpa (Maire) Maire
=Cassia acutifolia var. eriocarpa Maire (1943)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub 0,2-3 m tall with much-branched stems, pale and ± zigzag.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Dry scrub with trees; rocks; clayey and sandy-clayey soils; wadi beds; also weed of cultivated and arable lands; deserts on sands; short grass savanna; Acacia-Commiphora bushland and semi-desert open bushland, scrub and grassland; etc...
  Algeria, Egypt; Arabia to India.
  Comprises 2 vars.
  Sometimes cultivated (Amani, Tanzania and Mozambique). - Source of true senna of commerce.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 558 (1962).
  • Fl. Afrique N. 16: 59 (1987). 
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 122
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
no map available
Record n°146102
Feedback about this record