African Plant Database

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr.
Protologue : Philipp. J. Sci. 7(4): 235 (1912)
Information on the genus : Sesbania
Basionym : Aeschynomene sesban L.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Aeschynomene sesban L. (1753)
 Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. var. sesban
 Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. subsp. sesban
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sesban aegyptiaca Poir. (1806)
=Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. (1807)
=*Aeschynomene aegyptiaca (Pers.) Steud. (1840)
=*Aeschynomene elongata Salisb.
=Dolichos aeschynome-sesban Forssk. (1775)
Taxon infra-specific
Sesbania sesban var. nubica Chiov.
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. var. sesban
Sesbania sesban var. zambesiaca J.B. Gillett
Sesbania sesban subsp. punctata (DC.) J.B. Gillett
Sesbania sesban var. bicolor (Wight & Arn.) F.W. Andrews
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. subsp. sesban
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or short-lived tree, copiously branched, 1-8 m tall, with a trunk to 12cm Ø; stems sometimes tinged pinkish or bluish, laxly to densely spreading pubescent, sometimes glabrescent or, less often, almost totally glabrous.
Ecology : Swampy land by riverine forest; sandy lake shores and river banks; sometimes away from water; 30-2200 m alt.
  Caprivi Strip, Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland; Yemen.
  Comprises 2 subspp.: [see more in the book]
  Sometimes cultivated. The subsp. sesban var. sesban is probably native in some parts of Indonesia; also cultivated elsewhere in the tropics; the subsp. sesban var. bicolor is probable native as well as cultivated in India; [see more in the book]
  Flowers usually needed for correct identification, as fruiting specimens with long narrow pods can be difficult to separata from S. cinerascens.
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; uncertain; Freshwater Wetland, Anthropic; 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:245 (2012)
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Med-Checklist 4: 176 (1989).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 132
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 319 (1999).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 228
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°147888
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