African Plant Database

Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr.
Protologue : Philipp. J. Sci. 7(4): 235 (1912)
Information on the genus : Sesbania
Basionym : Aeschynomene sesban L.
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Aeschynomene sesban L. (1753)
 Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. var. sesban
 Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. subsp. sesban
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Sesban aegyptiaca Poir. (1806)
=Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. (1807)
=*Aeschynomene aegyptiaca (Pers.) Steud. (1840)
=*Aeschynomene elongata Salisb.
=Dolichos aeschynome-sesban Forssk. (1775)
Taxon infra-specific
Sesbania sesban var. nubica Chiov.
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. var. sesban
Sesbania sesban var. zambesiaca J. B. Gillett
Sesbania sesban subsp. punctata (DC.) J. B. Gillett
Sesbania sesban var. bicolor (Wight & Arn.) F. W. Andrews
Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. subsp. sesban
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub or short-lived tree, copiously branched, 1-8 m tall, with a trunk to 12cm Ø; stems sometimes tinged pinkish or bluish, laxly to densely spreading pubescent, sometimes glabrescent or, less often, almost totally glabrous.
Ecology : Swampy land by riverine forest; sandy lake shores and river banks; sometimes away from water; 30-2200 m alt.
  Caprivi Strip, Namibia, Botswana, S. Africa, Swaziland; Yemen.
  Comprises 2 subspp.: [see more in the book]
  Sometimes cultivated. The subsp. sesban var. sesban is probably native in some parts of Indonesia; also cultivated elsewhere in the tropics; the subsp. sesban var. bicolor is probable native as well as cultivated in India; [see more in the book]
  Flowers usually needed for correct identification, as fruiting specimens with long narrow pods can be difficult to separata from S. cinerascens.
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Tree; uncertain; Freshwater Wetland, Anthropic; 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Naturalised in Madagascar.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Med-Checklist 4: 176 (1989).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 132
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 319 (1999).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 228
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 147888
Record n°147888
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