African Plant Database

Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.
Protologue : Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2[2]: 329 (1807)
Information on the genus : Tephrosia
Basionym : Cracca purpurea L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. purpurea
 Cracca purpurea L. (1753)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Tephrosia diffusa Roxb.
=Tephrosia wallichii Graham
=Tephrosia purpurea var. genuina R. Vig. (1950)
Taxon infra-specific
Tephrosia purpurea subsp. canescens (E. Mey.) Brummitt
Tephrosia purpurea var. delagoensis (H. M. L. Forbes) Brummitt
Tephrosia purpurea var. leptostachya
Tephrosia purpurea var. pubescens Baker (1871)
Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. subsp. purpurea
Tephrosia purpurea subsp. altissima Brummitt
Tephrosia purpurea subsp. dunensis Brummitt (1968)
Tephrosia purpurea subsp. apollinea (Delile) Hosni & El Karemy (1993)
Tephrosia purpurea subsp. leptostachya (DC.) Brummitt (1968)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Annual or perennial herb; stems procumbent, ascending or erect 0,6-1,5 m tall, sometimes forming a low bush and becoming woody in the lower parts;
Ecology : Grassland; plantations; sandy sea- and lake-shores; old dunes; coral sand dunes under coconut trees; sometimes dominant in large patches; roadsides; Kirkia, mopane, Combretum veld; river sand dunes; mopane woodland; sandy-clayey soil; 0-1700 m alt.
  Comprises 6 subspp. one of which with 3 vars. (see Brummitt, l.c.): - [subsp. purpurea] syn.: T. wallichïï Graham ex Fawcett & Rendle; T. hamiltonïï J. B. Drumm. ex Gamble) naturalised in Africa, in particular in W. Africa where it is spreading, an
  The relationships with T. limpopoensis J. B. Gilett requires further investigations. Plant from the Sahara region may be taxonomically separable (often appear to have the habit of a low bush).
Biol./Eco : Herb, Shrub; Humid, Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Anthropic; 0-499 m; distribution: Africa. Asia,

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 4: 178 (1989).
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8: 130 
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 1: 316 (1999).
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 147969
Record n°147969
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