African Plant Database

Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq.
Protologue : Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 288 (1867)
Information on the genus : Ficus
Basionym : Urostigma ingens Miq.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. var. ingens
 Urostigma ingens Miq.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ficus ingens var. tristis Warb.
=Ficus caffra var. sambesiaca Warb.
=Ficus caffra var. longipes Warb.
=Ficus caffra var. pubicarpa Warb.
=Ficus caffra var. natalensis Warb.
=Ficus caffra Miq.
=Ficus ingentoides Hutch.
=Ficus katagumica Hutch.
=Ficus kawuri Hutch.
=*Ficus lutea auct.
=Ficus ovato-cordata De Wild.
=Ficus pondoensis Warb.
=Ficus schimperiana Hochst. ex A. Rich. (1850)
=Ficus stuhlmannii var. glabrifolia Warb.
=Ficus baguirmensis Warb.
=Ficus xanthophylla (Miq.) Martelli
=Urostigma xanthophyllum Miq.
=Urostigma caffrum Miq.
=Urostigma xanthophyllum var. ovato-cordatum Sond.
Taxon infra-specific
Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq. var. ingens
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree 10-18 m tall and to 30 m wide with ordinarily short bole to 40 cm Ø and more, with a rounded or spreading, dense crown;aerial roots few root suckers evident in rock-splitter specimens;bole faintly buttressed or strongly fluted in very old trees[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees, e.g. Terminalia laxiflora, T. brownei, Pterocarpus lucens, Combretum collinum Vitex doniana on rocky outcrop;wooded savannas;most often on lava flows, coral and limestone in drier or exposed areas[…]
  Variable in size, shape and indumentum of leaves, in indumentum of fruit.
  Can be confused with broadleaved forms of F. cordata subsp. salicifolia. The name F. lutea is often used for F. ingens.
  Algeria, Hoggar, Tefedest: oued Ahor, 3 specimens (Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. Nord 47: 133, 1956 sub nom. F. sp.; oued In Delai = In Deleï, Fl. Afr. Nord 7: 190, 1961, single specimen); Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman; Botswana, Namibia, S. Africa, Swaziland.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:298 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • QUÉZEL, P. & S. SINTÈS (1959). Les Nyctaginacées d'Afrique du Nord et du Sahara. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 50: 241
  • COLLENOT, A., DUBUIS A. & L. FAUREL (1960). Note sur la flore du Tassili N’Ajjer. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 51: 233-254
  • Fl. Afrique N. 7: 190 (1961). 
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 275 (1962).
  • BERHAUT, J. (1967). Flore du Sénégal (éd. 2).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • Med-Checklist 4: 242 (1989).
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
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see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°149001
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