African Plant Database

Dipcadi viride (L.) Moench
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Protologue : Methodus (Moench) 267 (1794)
Information on the genus : Dipcadi
Basionym : Hyacinthus viridis L.
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Hyacinthus viridis L. (1759)
 Dipcadi hockii De Wild. (1913)
 Ornithogalum viride (L.) J. C. Manning & Goldblatt (2004)
 Lachenalia viridis (L.) Thunb.
 Scilla viridis (L.) Salisb.
 Zuccagnia viridis (L.) Thunb.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Dipcadi kerstingii Dammer (1905)
=Uropetalon tacazzeanum A. Rich.
=Dipcadi tacazzeanum (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) Baker (1871)
=Dipcadi wentzelianum Engl. (1900)
=Uropetalon minimum Steud. ex A. Rich.
=Dipcadi minimum (Steud. ex A. Rich.) Webb & Berthel. (1848)
=Uropetalon umbonatum Baker
=Dipcadi umbonatum (Baker) Baker (1871)
=Albuca hyacinthoides Chiov. (1951)
=Dipcadi elatum Baker (1896)
=Dipcadi palustre Baker (1904)
=Dipcadi arenarium Baker (1898)
=Dipcadi bussei Dammer (1905)
=Dipcadi cinnabarinum Suess. (1950)
=Dipcadi comosum Welw. ex Baker (1878)
=Dipcadi conrathii Baker (1904)
=*Dipcadi dahomense A. Chev. (1936)
=Dipcadi erlangeri Dammer (1905)
=Dipcadi filamentosum Medik. (1791)
=Dipcadi filifolium Baker (1878)
=Dipcadi geniculatum Dinter & Suess. (1950)
=*Dipcadi gourmaense A. Chev. ex Hutch. (1936)
=Dipcadi helenae P. Beauv. (1914)
=Dipcadi kelleri Baker (1901)
=Dipcadi lanceolatum Baker (1878)
=Dipcadi lateritium Welw. ex Baker (1878)
=Dipcadi lividescens Engl. & Gilg (1903)
=Dipcadi longicauda Engl. & K. Krause (1910)
=*Dipcadi longifolium auct.
=Dipcadi nitens K. Krause (1921)
=Dipcadi occidentale Baker (1895)
=Dipcadi rupicola Chiov. (1911)
=Dipcadi stenophyllum Dinter (1923)
=Dipcadi sulcatum Suess. (1950)
=Dipcadi unifolium Baker (1871)
=Dipcadi uniflorum Baker (1871)
=Dipcadi glaucescens Engl. & K. Krause
=Uropetalon becazzeanum Dammann
=Uropetalon depressum A. Rich.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,15-1,2-2 m tall, glabrous, with scaly bulb, occasionally bulbiferous or with runners; leaves 1-4-15 per shoot (occasionally after the flowers), linear to linear-lanceolate, 6-60-100x0,3-2-3 cm, usually clasping at base, apex acuminate; scapes 1-3; raceme 0,15-1,2 m long, few- to many-flowered; pedicels 8-18 mm; flowers with perianth-segments fused 1/3 of the way; outer ones green with a cream, orange, reddish or brown tinge, usually recurved from the middle, linear-lanceolate, with a filiform appendage, 2-30 mm long; inner forming a tube with tips curved outwards; capsule oblong, 14x9 mm, trigonous.
Ecology : Dry Combretum woodland; grassland; bushland; wooded grassland; often on shallow soil over rocks; temporarily very humid sands; sometimes near salty ground; hollows in littoral dunes; savanna; degraded soils (muddy or sandy); sometimes very common; stony or blackish soil; earthy talwegs; banks in Acacia seyal zone; 10-3200 m alt.
  Extremely variable especially regarding width of leaves, and there is a tendency towards dividing the taxon into 3 groups.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.2 - 1.67 m. Alt: 5 - 2651 m. Distribution: BOT, LES, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Bothalia 8[2]: 131-133 (1964).
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 44 (1986).
  • Edinburgh J. Bot. 60[3]: 552 (2004).

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 1-322
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 46 (2002).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 15193
Record n°15193
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