African Plant Database

Salvadora persica L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 122 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Salvadora
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Salvadora persica L. var. persica
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lauridia multiflora Engl. (1889)
Taxon infra-specific
Salvadora persica L. var. persica
Salvadora persica var. angustifolia Verdc.
Salvadora persica var. crassifolia Verdc.
Salvadora persica var. cyclophylla (Chiov.) Cufod.
Salvadora persica var. parviflora Verdc.
Salvadora persica var. pubescens Brenan (1949)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Evergreen unarmed bushy shrub or (sometimes) tree 0,6-9 m tall, often broader than high, glabrous or pubescent, much branched, sometimes emitting an unpleasant odour; stems grey or whitish; bark brown, slightly rough; branches widely spreading[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Dry locations, most often along rivers, wadis, luggas, lakes or wells; dry (Acacia) bushland, (wooded) grassland, fringing Acacia-Commiphora woodland; dense thorn scrub and thickets, associated with Capparaceae […]
  Very variable but “the variation is difficult to express in a hierarchy of names” (Verdcourt, Kew Bull. 19: 147, 1964). Certain characters are correlated with amount of rainfall. Verdcourt (l. c.) retained 6 varieties in Africa (see below), […]
  Morocco,S Algeria,Libya (“seems to be extinct …[…]),Egypt,Sinai;Namibia,Caprivi strip,Botswana,NE S.Africa;Socotra,Saudi Arabia,UAE,Yemen,Oman,Israel,Syria,Jordan;S Iran,Pakistan,NW India,Sri Lanka to China.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1931). Prodromo della Flora Cirenaica.  
  • SAUVAGE, Ch. (1949). Les reliques de la Flore tropicale au Maroc. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 29: 117-130
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 737 (1963).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1980). Flora of Libya. 69: 3
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice.
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 81 (2000).
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 357
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 205

Bibliography other :
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°153391 modified 2007-01-22
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