African Plant Database

Schizocarphus nervosus (Burch.) Van der Merwe
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Protologue : Fl. Pl. South Africa 23: t. 904 (1943)
Information on the genus : Schizocarphus
Basionym : Ornithogalum nervosum Burch.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ornithogalum nervosum Burch. (1822)
 Scilla nervosa (Burch.) Jessop (1970)
 Drimia nervosa (Burch.) Jessop
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Schizocarphus gerrardii (Baker) Van der Merwe
=Scilla rigidifolia var. gerrardi (Baker) Baker
=Scilla gerrardii Baker (1873)
=Scilla rigidifolia Kunth (1843)
=Schizocarphus rigidifolius (Kunth) Van der Merwe (1943)
=Schizocarphus acerosus Van der Merwe (1943)
=Scilla pubescens Baker (1901)
=Scilla hispidula Baker (1878)
=Scilla rigidifolia var. acerosa Van der Merwe (1941)
=Scilla rigidifolia var. nervosa Baker
=Scilla eriospermoides Engl. & Gilg (1903)
=Scilla setifera Baker (1898)
=Scilla versicolor Baker
=Scilla pallidiflora Baker (1870)
=Drimia pubescens Baker
=Scilla bakeriana Poelln. (1944)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb to 50 cm tall; bulb to 8 cm Ø, tunics fibrous; leaves lanceolate, to 38x3,5 cm, with articulated vascular bundles; scape and pedicels pubescent, pedicels 0,5-1,3 cm long (somewhat longer in fruit); perianth segments white, greenish-white, pink to blue, often with a green or dark midrib, 3-5 mm long; capsule c. 4 mm high, 6 mm Ø; seeds characteristic, ellipsoidal, folded, black, 2 mm long (fig. in Taxon 52: 84, 2003).
Ecology : Grassland, often on burnt ground, on black cotton soil or light loam soil with rocks; gregarious; sunny thicket-grown places on sandy-clayey soil; 900-2570 m alt.
  The species complex was subdivided on the basis of leaf measurements (numerous synonyms); Jessop in J. S. Afric. Bot. 36: 243, 1970.
  Poisonous, although important in local pharmacopeias (S. Afric. J. Bot. 65: 306-307, 1999).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.05 - 0.3 states: BOT, NAM, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NW, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • J. S. African Bot. 36: 243-245 (1970).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°15417
Feedback about this record