African Plant Database

Drimia elata Jacq.
Family : Hyacinthaceae
Protologue : Collectanea [Jacquin] 5: 38 (1796 [1797])
Information on the genus : Drimia
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Idothea elata (Jacq.) Kunth
 Idothearia elata (Jacq.) C. Presl
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Drimia alta R. A. Dyer (1943)
=Idothea ciliaris (Jacq. ex Willd.) Kunth
=Hyacinthus ciliaris (Jacq. ex Willd.) Poir.
=Drimia ciliaris Jacq. ex Willd. (1797)
=Drimia robusta Baker
=Idothea robusta (Baker) Kuntze (1891)
=Drimia pusilla Jacq. ex Willd. (1797)
=*Drimia altissima Hook. f. (1808) non (L.f.) Ker-Gawl.
=Drimia elgonica Bullock (1932)
=Drimia zombensis Baker (1898)
=Drimia purpurascens J. Jacq. (1812)
=Idothearia purpurascens (J. Jacq.) C. Presl (1846)
=Strepsiphylla villosa (Lindl.) Raf.
=Drimia villosa Lindl. (1830)
=Idothea villosa (Lindl.) Kunth (1843)
=Idothearia villosa (Lindl.) C. Presl (1846)
=Drimia burchellii Baker
=Idothea burchelli (Baker) Kuntze
=Drimia rudatisii Schltr. (1907)
=Idothea rigidifolia (Baker) Kuntze
=Drimia rigidifolia Baker (1871)
=Idothea concolor (Baker) Kuntze
=Drimia concolor Baker (1871)
=Idothearia ciliaris C. Presl (1846)
=Urginea altissima Hook. f.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,08-1 m tall, flowering before leaves; bulb often reddish, sometimes ± above-ground, 3-12 cm long, 1,5-6 cm Ø; leaves linear, 0,3-1,2 m x 1-7 cm; scape erect, glabrous, 0,2-1 m tall; raceme lax to dense, 4-25 cm long, with 10-40 flowers per 10 cm (with up to 150 flowers); pedicels 0,2-1 cm long; perianth segments 1-2,3 cm long, united 3-7 mm, whitish eventually tinged brownish purple; filaments narrowly triangular, united with the perianth segments, free part 0,7-1 cm long; capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, c. 1 cm long, apex cuspidate.
Ecology : Grassland, burnt grassland; miombo and open woodland; Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees, recently burnt; also in crevices in rocky outcrops; 10-2500 m alt.
  Used in traditional medicine (often as D. robusta). Reported toxic to stock (S. Afric. J. Bot. 65: 291-294, 1999; for propagation in vitro, see Ngugi & al. in S. Afric. J. Bot. 64: 266-268, 1998).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Geophyte- Ht 0.22 - 1.8 m. Alt: 15 - 1650 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, MP, NC, NW, WC, SWZ

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Fl. Cap. (Thunberg) 6: 438 (1896). 
  • Fl. Cap. (Thunberg) 6: 441 (1896). 
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africa : 540 (1966).
  • J. S. African Bot. : 108 (1976).
  • J. S. African Bot. 43: 284-287 (1977).
  • Strelitzia 6: 98 (1997).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 15438
Record n°15438
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