African Plant Database

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Protologue : Gard. Dict., ed. 8 1 (1768) 
Information on the genus : Foeniculum
Status for NA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Anethum foeniculum L.
Status for TA : rejected (present), is synonym of : Anethum foeniculum L.
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare
 Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Anethum foeniculum L. subsp. foeniculum
=Anethum foeniculum L. (1753)
=Foeniculum officinale All.
=*Foeniculum capillaceum Gilib. (1782)
=Foeniculum vulgare var. capillaceum (Gilib.) Burnat (1906)
=Foeniculum vulgare subsp. capillaceum (Gilib.) Holmboe (1914)
=Foeniculum vulgare subsp. dulce Mill.
=Foeniculum vulgare var. inodorum Maire (1935)
=Foeniculum vulgare var. dulce Mill.
Taxon infra-specific
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. vulgare
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. vulgare
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Erect glabrous glaucous biennial or perennial herb 0,6-2 m tall; stems finely striate, hollow when mature; leaves long-petiolate, to 50 cm long, 3-4-pinnate, segments filiform, petioles sheathing; cauline leaves reduced.
  see more in the book
Ecology : Widely cultivated; naturalised (abundantly in Ethiopia) in disturbed places or persisting after cultivation (in the northern mountains of Somalia); 30-2550 m alt.
  A polymorphic species.
  Of very ancient cultivation in the Mediterranean Region and SW Asia and probably native there. Now locally established all over the world.

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • Ball, J. (1878). Spicilegium florae Maroccanae J. Linn. Soc., Bot. : 471 
  • Battandier, J.A & L.C. Trabut (1889). Flore de l'Algérie [Dicot] 1(2): 362 
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • PITARD, C.-J. & L. PROUST (1908). Les Îles Canaries.
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 2: 543 (1932).  
  • NÈGRE, R. (1962). Petite flore des régions arides du Maroc occidental. 2: 110
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 2: 671 (1963).
  • Fl. Eur. 2: 341 (1968).
  • Fl. Tunisie [Pottier-Alapetite] 1: 603 (1979).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 117: 53
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 2 Ketres 2: 305 
  • BADOC, A. & A. LAMARTI (1997). Contribution à l'étude du genre Foeniculum Mill.
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 174 (2000).
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. I. 1: 455
  • CASTROVIEJO S. & al. (2003). Flora Iberica. 10: 232
  • FENNANE, M. & M. IBN TATTOU (2005). Flore vasculaire du Maroc. Inventaire et chorologie [1]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 37: 43
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2007). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.2] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 2: 313
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie: catalogue synonymique commenté
More info on :
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see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°154796 modified 2007-04-17
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