African Plant Database

Cissus quadrangularis L.
Protologue : Mant. Pl. 39 (1767); Syst. Nat., ed. 12 2: 124 (1767)
Information on the genus : Cissus
Status for MA : accepted (naturalised)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Cissus quadrangularis L. var. quadrangularis
 Vitis quadrangularis (L.) Wall. ex Wight & Arn.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Saelanthus quadragonus Forssk.
Taxon infra-specific
Cissus quadrangularis L. var. quadrangularis
Cissus quadrangularis var. pubescens Dewit (1959)
Cissus quadrangularis var. acuteangula Verdc. (1993)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Succulent liane 0,9-15 m long or somewhat shrubby, frequently leafless, forming dense masses; root-tubers present; stems branched, 4-angled, square in cross section, 0,5-1,5 cm wide, the 4 angles prominent, narrow, often reddish,[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Scrub; thicket; Acacia woodland; grassland with scattered Combretum, etc.; termite mounds; riverine thicket; coastal forest edges; sandy banks of rivers; outwash gully in dense mixed thicket; bushland of Cordia monoica, etc. […] (0-)150-300-2250 m alt.
  In Africa sometimes grown near villages and also for stabilizing sand dunes. Cultivated as a greenhouse succulent and even as a house plant. […]
  S. Africa; SE Egypt; Yemen, Oman, SW Saudi Arabia; India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Malaysia, Philippines.
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Liana; distribution: Africa. Comoros,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 195
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:184, 207, 352 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 157
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 544

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • LINNAEUS, C. (1767). Systema Naturae ...Editio duodecima, reformata... 2: 124
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 2: 87 (2000).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
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Record n°155541 modified 2009-03-11
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