African Plant Database


Agave americana L.
Family : Agavaceae
Family (APGIII) : ASPARAGACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 323 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Agave
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (naturalised-introduced)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Agave americana L. var. americana (1753)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Agave americana var. marginata Trel. (1914)
=Agave complicata Trel. ex Ochot. (1912)
=Agave gracilispina (Rol. -Goss.) Engelm. ex Trel.
=Agave salmiana var. gracilispina Rol. -Goss.
=Agave melliflua Trel. (1914)
=Agave zonata Trel. (1914)
=Agave felina Trel. (1920)
=Agave rasconensis Trel. (1920)
=Agave subzonata Trel. (1920)
=Agave altissima Zumagl. (1785)
=Agave vera-cruz J. R. Drumm. & Prain (1768)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Agave americana L. var. americana (1753)
Agave americana var. expansa (Jacobi) Gentry
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Monocarpic perennial plant, trunkless, 2-3 m Ø; with suckers; leaves 20-60 in rosette, oblanceolate-spathulate
  see more in the book
Ecology : Very variable, some variants with variously variegated leaves.
  Cultivated as an ornamental and occurring as a garden escape. Var. expansa (Jacobi) Gentry is reported as naturalised in S. Africa. It differs from var. americana by erect stiff leaves adaxially deeply channelled and apical leaf spine 2-3 cm long.
  Native in S USA to Mexico. Widely naturalised in the Mediterranean region and elsewhere.

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BATTANDIER, J. A. & TRABUT, M. (1895). Flore de l'Algérie et catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [Monocot. ou vol.2] 2: 44 
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles.  
  • Fl. Mamora [Métro & Sauvage] : 104 (1955).
  • Fl. Afrique N. 6: 87 (1960). 
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 218 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 74 (1980).
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1986). Flora of Libya. 121: 11
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 492 
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • VALDÉS, B., REJDALI, M., ACHHAL EL KADMIRI, JURY, J. L. & J. M. MONTSERRAT (2002). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification. II 2: 889
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 208 (2008).
  • Ibn Tattou, M. & M. Fennane (2009). Flore vasculaire du Maroc, inventaire et chorologie [2]. Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 39: 126
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 393
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Germplasm Resources Information Network
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 155738
 
Record n°155738 modified 2008-06-06
Feedback about this record