African Plant Database


Cyperus esculentus L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 1: 45. 1: 45 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Cyperus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Pycreus esculentus (L.) Hayek
 Cyperus esculentus L. var. esculentus
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Cyperus esculentus var. sativus Boeckeler (1870)
=Cyperus aureus Ten. (1811)
=Chlorocyperus aureus Palla (1903)
=Cyperus esculentus var. nervoso-striatus (Turrill) Kük.
=Cyperus nervoso-striatus Turrill (1925)
=Cyperus esculentus var. cyclolepis Kük.
=Cyperus buchananii Boeckeler (1888)
 
Taxon infra-specific
Cyperus esculentus L. var. esculentus
Cyperus esculentus var. rufus Chiov.
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Perennial stoloniferous herb 50-100 cm tall; stolons to 15 cm long, 5-15 mm Ø, covered with brown scales and ending in a blackish tuber 3-8 mm Ø; culms 10-74 cm long, 1,5-4,5 mm Ø, trigonous or triquetrous; leaf sheaths pale brownish-green to green, 2-9 cm long; blades linear, flat, 11-29 cm long, 2-8 mm wide, apex acuminate; inflorescence simple or compound, primary branches 5-10, 1-18 cm long; spikelets golden or rust in loose clusters, sessile, 9-20 per cluster, linear, 5-16 mm long.
Ecology : Swamps; seasonally wet grassland; damp grassy places; hollows; savannas; gravelly places; inselbergs; riverbeds; sand beaches; muddy and sandy soils; disturbed ground; weed of gardens and cultivations; invasive; 0-2200 m alt.
  Variable species. Certain infraspecific taxa may be distinguished at variety level according to certain authors, e.g. var. esculentus “roughly corresponds with the cultivated plant (chufa) and probably originates in The Old World tropics.
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; distribution: Comoros, Mascarenes, Africa, Asia, Australasia/Pacific, New World,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • PEYRE DE FABRÈGUES B. & J. P. LEBRUN (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort : 329
  • BOUDET G. & J.P. LEBRUN (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16 : 356
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:45 (2012)
  • DARBYSHIRE, I. KORDOFAMI, M. & AL. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing : 106
  • CÉSAR J. & C. CHATELAIN (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména : 123

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles. : 163 
  • Fl. Afrique N. 4: 20 (1957). 
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 166 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 286 (1980).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris. : 140
  • HAINES, R. W. & K. A. LYE (1983). The sedges and rushes of East africa : 191
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ED.) (1985). Flora of Libya. 120: 26
  • BARRY J. P. & J. C. CELLES (1991). Flore de Mauritanie. Institut supérieur scientifique de Nouakchott - Université de Nice. : 493
  • HANSEN, A. & P. SUNDING (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 4: 385 (2005).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie: catalogue synonymique commenté : 315
  • BORGES P.A.V., C. ABREU & AL. (2008). A list of the terrestrial fungi, flora and fauna of Madeira and Selvagens archipelagos. Direcção Regional do Ambiente da Madeira and Universidade dos Açores : 206

Bibliography other :
  • KIPKOECH S. & AL. (2020). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Aberdare Ranges Forest, a part of Eastern Afromontane Biodiversity Hotspot PhytoKeys 149: 19 
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Fgui
see under herbiergdebelair
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
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Record n°156702 modified 2007-04-24
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