African Plant Database


Lemna gibba L.
Family : Lemnaceae
Family (APGIII) : ARACEAE
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 970 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Lemna
 
 
Status
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Lenticula gibbosa P. Renault
=Telmatophace gibbosa (P. Renault) Montandon
=Telmatophace arrhiza Schur
=Telmatophace generalis E. H. L. Krause
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Free-floating aquatic herb covering the water surface; frond to 4 mm thick, broadly ovate, asymmetric, slightly convex, 1-8x0,8-6 mm, yellowish-green above, often reddish beneath and almost hemispherical and spongy with large inflated hyaline cells and air spaces (large cells evident in the flat form); without distinct papillae or with papillae near tip of frond; veins 4-5(-7); daughter fronds budding laterally, 2-3 remaining attached with very short stipes; root 1, > 3 cm long, sheath not winged, cap rounded; fruit with winged margins; seeds whitish, 8-16-ribbed.
Ecology : Pools, ditches, still fresh water, rice fields; 700-3000 m alt.
  The typical spongy form is easily identifiable. The flat form is difficult to separate from L. minor (a comparative table in Quad. Bot. Amb. Appl. 15: 136, 2005).
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb, Hydrophyte, Pleustophyte- Alt: 5 - 1530 m. Distribution: BOT, EC, FS, GA, KN, LP, NW, WC

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 81

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • BATTANDIER, J. A. & TRABUT, M. (1895). Flore de l'Algérie et catalogue des plantes du Maroc. [Monocot. ou vol.2] 2: 14 
  • Bonnet, E. & Barratte, J. F.G. (1896). Exploration Scientifique de la Tunisie. Catalogue Raisonne des Plantes Vasculaires de la Tunisie.   
  • PAMPANINI, R. (1914). Piantae Tripolitanae.
  • Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 109 (1931). 
  • CUÉNOD, A. (1954). Flore analytique et synoptique de la Tunisie. Office de l'Expérimentation et de la Vulgarisation Agricoles.  
  • Fl. Afrique N. 4: 253 (1957). 
  • Fl. Algérie [Quézel & Santa] 1: 181 (1962).
  • Fl. Eur. 5: 273 (1980).
  • OZENDA, P. (1983). Flore et végétation du Sahara. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris.
  • VALDES, B., S. TALAVERA & E. FERNANDEZ-GALIANO (ed.) (1987). Flora Vascular de Andalucía Occidental, vol. 3 3: 212 
  • ALI, S. I., S. M. H. JAFRI & A. EL GADI (ed.) (1989). Flora of Libya. 111: 2
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 4: 114 (2005).
  • List Fungi, Fl. Fau. Madeira Selv. Arch. : 207 (2008).
  • BOULOS, L. & E. LE FLOC'H (2008). Flore de Tunisie : catalogue synonymique commenté
  • FENNANE, M., M. IBN TATTOU, J. MATHEZ, A. OUYAHYA & J. EL OUALIDI (éd.) (2014). Flore Pratique du Maroc [vol.3] Trav. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V, Sér. Bot. 3: 342
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
 
Map
carte afrique num 15696
 
Record n°15696 modified 2009-08-17
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