African Plant Database

Xerophyta humilis (Baker) T. Durand & Schinz
Protologue : Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 271 (1894)
Information on the genus : Xerophyta
Basionym : Vellozia humilis Baker
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Vellozia humilis Baker (1889)
 Barbacenia humilis (Baker) Pax ex Burtt Davy (1912)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Vellozia minuta Baker (1903)
=Barbacenia minuta (Baker) Dinter (1918)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Squat perennial 2-10 cm tall, sometimes forming mats to 25 cm across, brown when dry, green when moist, without or with a stem to 2,5 cm long, seldom branched; rhizome horizontal, reaching 7 cm in length; leaves grass-like, erect or slightly curved; sheath 0,6-1,9 cm long, fraying; blade 2-23x0,2-0,7 cm with minute teeth along margins and keel; flowers 1-2 at ends of stems, many per plant; peduncle 1,5-13 cm long, purplish with dense stalked black glands; perianth pale yellow, bright blue to pink or white, often with pink on back, lilac or purple, with dark purple glands outside; segments 0,4-1,6x0,15-0,3 cm, sometimes green with a pink keel, outermost bristle-tipped; capsule with black glandular trichomes.
Ecology : Open mopane; miombo; Acacia woodland and grassland; over rocks, stony soils; shallow soil and crevices on large granite inselberg; Commiphora bushland on red soil; 150-1600 m alt.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.01 - 0.1 m. Alt: 800 - 1600 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, GA, LP, NW

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 107

Bibliography other :
  • Behnke, H.D. & E. Hummel & al. (2013). A revision of African Velloziaceae based on leaf anatomy characters and rbcL nucleotide sequences. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 41
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
carte afrique num 15749
Record n°15749
Feedback about this record