African Plant Database

Xerophyta villosa (Baker) L. B. Sm. & Ayensu
Protologue : Kew Bull. 29(1): 188 (1974)
Information on the genus : Xerophyta
Basionym : Vellozia villosa Baker
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Vellozia villosa Baker (1889)
 Barbacenia villosa (Baker) Pax ex Burtt Davy (1912)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Vellozia violacea Baker (1904)
=Xerophyta violacea (Baker) N. L. Menezes (1971)
=Xerophyta bakeri T. Durand & Schinz
=Xerophyta mollissima T. Durand & Schinz
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub 0,3-1,5 m tall, stemless or with an unbranched to irregularly branched stumpy stem; stem and branches 2,5 cm Ø at ends, blackish, coated with many leaf-bases; leaves 3-10 tufted at ends of shoots; sheath 2-6 cm long, stiff, scaly; blade linear-lanceolate, 6-50x1,2 cm, apex acute or acuminate, the youngest with thick covering of long white or brownish trichomes; flowers 1-4 at ends of shoots; peduncle slender, 4,5-19 cm long, densely covered in long white trichomes; perianth dark blue to purple, violet, pale mauve or whitish; segments 2,4-5x0,4-1,1 cm, outermost densely villose; ovary densely villose with long soft spiny or clustered white or brownish eglandular hair-like trichomes.
Ecology : Shallow soil over rocks; often on exposed granite slopes; sometimes in dense clumps; 1400-1600 m alt.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Herb- Ht 0.2 - 1.2 m. Alt: 1450 - 1800 m. Distribution: KN, SWZ

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Wild Flrs Rhodesia : (1976).
  • LEBRUN, J. P. & A. L. STORK (1995). Enumération des plantes à fleurs d’Afrique tropicale. Monocotyledones: Limnocharitaceae à Poaceae. Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 3: 107
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
carte afrique num 15755
Record n°15755
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