African Plant Database


Xerophyta splendens (Rendle) N. L. Menezes
Family : VELLOZIACEAE
Protologue : Ci. & Cult. 23(3): 422 (1971)
Information on the genus : Xerophyta
Basionym : Vellozia splendens Rendle
 
 
Status
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Vellozia splendens Rendle (1894)
 Barbacenia splendens (Rendle) Harms
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Subshrub or tree 0,45-6 m tall, glandular, with ascending branches; stems 0,8-1,2 cm Ø, unbranched or forked 1,5-3 (or more) cm Ø at base; stem and branches coated with mass of closely packed leaf-bases; leaves 4-8, rosulate on top of branches, glabrous, slightly sticky; sheaths 4-7,5 cm long, truncate at end; outermost leaf blades 30-62x0,8-1,7 cm, innermost 10-20x0,2-0,4 cm, prominent midrib on both surfaces; flowers 1-10, tufted at tips, in axils of bracts; peduncles 14-24 cm long, glandular; perianth lilac or white, sometimes with faint red or bluish strips, fragrant; segments 4,5-7x0,8-1,8 cm; capsule 2,5-2 cm, with viscous exudate, indehiscent.
Ecology : Abundant on rocky slopes and ledges in grassland; 1650-2450 m alt. – Extremely fire-resistant. “Most individuals are fire-scarred and it can withstand fires hot enough to kill Protea…” (White & al., Evergreen for. fl. Malawi: 110, 2001). According to Behnke & al. (2013): 57-58, endemic to Mt. Mulanje. But: “decline in habitat due to grazing livestock (Mt Namuli, Mozambique) and threat of fires” (Harris & al., l.c.).
  Near X. kirkii.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 15790
 
Record n°15790
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