African Plant Database

Ficus sycomorus L.
Protologue : Sp. Pl. 2: 1059 (1753)  
Information on the genus : Ficus
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Ficus sycomorus L. subsp. sycomorus
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Ficus integrifolia Sim (1909)
=Ficus scabra Sim (1909)
=Ficus trachyphylla Fenzl (1844)
=Ficus cocculifolia Baker (1886)
=Ficus sycomorus subsp. gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) C.C. Berg
=Ficus gnaphalocarpa (Miq.) Steud. ex Miq. (1848)
=Sycomorus gnaphalocarpa Miq. (1848)
=Ficus damarensis Engl. (1888)
=Sycomorus trachyphylla Miq. (1848)
=Ficus comorensis Warb. (1894)
=Sycomorus antiquorum Gasp. (1845)
=Sycomorus rigida Miq.
Taxon infra-specific
Ficus sycomorus L. subsp. sycomorus
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Tree to 20-30 m tall, 30 m wide, deciduous or evergreen; trunk short, thick to 3,5 m Ø, old trees with buttresses; branches wide-spreading; leafy twigs densely minutely puberulous and with much longer white-yellowish hairs especially on the nodes[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : Forest edges; lakesides; riverine; into drier country where seasonal water collects; sandy, deep soils; termite mounds; wooded savanna on alluvium; wooded thickets; evergreen bushland; clearings; “coffee forest".
  0-2200 m alt. Sometimes cultivated in Egypt, Middle East, and elsewhere. Nearly every part of the tree finds economic uses.[…]
  Cape Verde Isl.; Namibia, Caprivi Strip, S. Africa, Botswana; Madagascar, Comoro Isl.; Yemen.
Biol./Eco : Tree; Dry, Humid, Subarid, Subhumid; Forest, Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m; distribution: Comoros, Africa,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Peyre de Fabrègues B. & J. P. Lebrun (1976). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Niger. Maison Alfort
  • Boudet G. & J.P. Lebrun (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. Etudes et Synthèses IEMVT 16
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:300 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for North Africa :
  • LEBRUN, J. P. (1998). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires de la Mauritanie et du Sahara occidental. Boissiera 55: 155
  • Fl. Egypt (Boulos) 3: 465 (2002).
  • SAHKI, A. & R.SAHKI (2004). Le Hoggar, promenade botanique
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Namibia photo from Kyffhauser
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
More information >> ( work in progress )
Record n°166620 modified 2016-02-09
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