African Plant Database

Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Protologue : Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 377 (1917)
Information on the genus : Flacourtia
Basionym : Gmelina indica Burm. f.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gmelina indica Burm. f.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Flacourtia flavescens Willd. (1805)
=Flacourtia hirtiuscula Oliv. (1868)
=Flacourtia afra Pic. Serm. (1951)
=Xylosma ellipticum Tul. (1868)
=Flacourtia elliptica (Tul.) Warb. (1894)
=Flacourtia gambecola Clos (1857)
=Flacourtia ramontchi L'Hér. (1786)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub (climbing) or tree, generally spiny, to 10 m tall; spines of the trunk sometimes branched, to 12 cm long. Sometimes cultivated (fruit edible)
  see more in the book
Ecology : Many types of woodland; wooded grassland and bushland, often riparian; gallery forest; open forest; dry coastal belt; rocky places; sandy humid place; 0-2400 m alt. Madagascar; Mascarene Isl.; Seychelles; India, SE Asia, China.
  Confusion with Oncoba spinosa possible when specimens are sterile, but petiole pubescent. Extremely variable.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 0.6 - 15.24 m. Alt: 10 - 1555 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, KN, LP, MP, NW

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 102 (1986).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 369 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°16921
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