African Plant Database

Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
Protologue : Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 377 (1917)
Information on the genus : Flacourtia
Basionym : Gmelina indica Burm. f.
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gmelina indica Burm. f.
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Flacourtia flavescens Willd. (1805)
=Flacourtia hirtiuscula Oliv. (1868)
=Flacourtia afra Pic. Serm. (1951)
=Xylosma ellipticum Tul. (1868)
=Flacourtia elliptica (Tul.) Warb. (1894)
=Flacourtia gambecola Clos (1857)
=Flacourtia ramontchi L'Hér. (1786)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Shrub (climbing) or tree, generally spiny, to 10 m tall; spines of the trunk sometimes branched, to 12 cm long. Sometimes cultivated (fruit edible)
  see more in the book
Ecology : Many types of woodland; wooded grassland and bushland, often riparian; gallery forest; open forest; dry coastal belt; rocky places; sandy humid place; 0-2400 m alt. Madagascar; Mascarene Isl.; Seychelles; India, SE Asia, China.
  Confusion with Oncoba spinosa possible when specimens are sterile, but petiole pubescent. Extremely variable.
South. Afr.
Biol./Eco : perennial-Tree, Shrub- Ht 0.6 - 15.24 m. Alt: 10 - 1555 m. Distribution: BOT, NAM, EC, KN, LP, MP, NW

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and south Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Food plants of Zimbabwe : 102 (1986).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 369 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
carte afrique num 16921
Record n°16921
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