African Plant Database

Opilia amentacea Roxb.
Protologue : Pl. Coromandel 2: 31, t. 158 (1802)
Information on the genus : Opilia
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Opilia celtidifolia var. sphaerocarpa Chiov.
=Opilia celtidifolia var. tomentella (Oliv.) G. Ll. Lucas
=Opilia amentacea var. tomentella Oliv. (1868)
=Opilia tomentella (Oliv.) Engl. (1895)
=Groutia celtidifolia Guill. & Perr. (1831)
=Opilia celtidifolia (Guill. & Perr.) Endl. ex Walp. (1842)
=Opilia ruwenzoriensis De Wild. (1922)
=Opilia angiensis De Wild. (1922)
=*Opilia parviflora Peter (1932)
=Opilia senegalensis Baill. (1861)
=Opilia javanica Miq.
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Loosely climbing evergreen shrub or liane 2-15(-30) m tall, rarely an erect shrub or small tree, branching from near the base; branches always unarmed; young branches green, sometimes reddish, glabrous to tomentellous, mostly with branched hairs[…]
  see more in the book
Ecology : In a wide range of habitats, in drier or higher rainfall areas of Africa, but often riverine; coastal bushland; Acacia woodland; wooded grassland, tall grass savanna, fringing forest; riparian scrub along temporary streams; dry forest[…]
  Very variable in shape, size, texture and pubescence of leaves, and in indumentum of branches. Characters are grading: In N and E parts of range (as in Malesia) usually glabrous, leaf-apex acute; in SE part, tomentellous and leaf-apex obtuse; […]
  0-2400 m alt. Inflorescences sometimes galled. – Probably a root-parasite (haustoria found on roots in Togo).
  S Madagascar; India, Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Indochina, Malesia to the Solomon Isl., N Australia [map in Hiepko 1982: p. 168, and Fl. Males. 1, 10(1): 47, 1984, and Opil., Spec. Pl., 2008: 60].
Biol./Eco : Shrub, Vine; Subarid; Thicket; 0-499 m; distribution: Africa. Asia, Australasia/Pacific,

Bibliography for Tropical Africa :
  • Cat. Pl. Vasc. Burkina Faso:308 (2012)
  • Darbyshire, I. Kordofami, M. & al. (2015). The plants of Sudan and South Sudan, An annoted checklist. Kew Publishing
  • César J. & C. Chatelain (2019). Flore illustrée du Tchad. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de Genève, Coopération Suisse & Univ. N'Djaména

Bibliography for Southern Africa :
  • Énum. Pl. Fleurs Afr. Trop. 2: 160 (1992).
  • Checklist Flow. Pl. Sub-Saharan Africa : 517 (2006).
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under chg
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under Flora of Mozambique
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Flora of Zimbabwe
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Record n°17316 modified 2009-09-24
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