African Plant Database

Balanites aegyptiacus (L.) Delile
Family : Balanitaceae
Protologue : Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat. 221, t. 28, f. 1 (1813)
Information on the genus : Balanites
Basionym : Ximenia aegyptiaca L.
Status for NA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Balanites aegyptiacus (L.) Delile var. aegyptiacus (1813)
 Ximenia aegyptiaca L. (1753)
 Agialid aegyptiaca (L.) Adans. (1763)
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Myrobalanus chebulus Vesling
=Balanites fischeri Mildbr. & Schltr. (1913)
=Balanites suckertii Chiov. (1935)
=Balanites zizyphoides Mildbr. & Schltr. (1913)
=Agialida arabica Tiegh. (1906)
=Balanites arabica (Tiegh.) Blatt. (1919)
=Agialida latifolia Tiegh. (1906)
=Balanites latifolia (Tiegh.) Chiov. (1932)
=Agialid membranacea Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialid abyssinica Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida cuneifolia Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida nigra Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida schimperi Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida barteri Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida chevalieri Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida glomerata Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida tombouctensis Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida palestinaca Tiegh. (1906)
=Agialida abyssinica Tiegh. (1906)
Taxon infra-specific
Balanites aegyptiacus (L.) Delile var. aegyptiacus (1813)
Balanites aegyptiacus var. ferox (Poir.) DC. (1824)
Balanites aegyptiacus var. pallida Sands (1983)
Balanites aegyptiacus var. quarrei (De Wild.) G.C.C. Gilbert (1958)
Balanites aegyptiacus var. tomentosa (Mildbr. & Schltr.) Sands (2001)
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Semi-evergreen (can be ±deciduous in low rainfall areas) thorny shrub or tree 3-15 m tall; trunk often fluted, to 60 cm ; stems divaricately and very intricately branched; branches long, spiny, ±tortuous, brittle, sparingly leafy to ±naked, drooping at th
  see more in the book
Ecology : Wooded savanna; open forest, on termite-mounds; open Acacia- Commiphora bushland, often along stream beds; bushed grassland; 1-2000 m alt. (see more in the book)
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under The International Plant Name Index
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Teline: Biodiversité végétale du sud-ouest marocain
see under Missouri Botanical Garden
see under Herbarium, North Africa MPU
carte afrique num 174172
Record n°174172 modified 2018-06-04
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