African Plant Database


Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel
Family : IRIDACEAE
Protologue : Sert. Bot. 1: unnumbered plate (1828)
Information on the genus : Gladiolus
 
 
Status
Status for MA : accepted (present)
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=*Gladiolus natalensis Reinw. ex Hook. (1831)
=Gladiolus psittacinus Hook. (1830)
=Gladiolus quartinianus A. Rich. (1851)
=Gladiolus ignescens Bojer ex Baker (1876)
=Antholyza laxiflora Baker (1896)
=Gladiolus garnierii Klatt (1872)
=Gladiolus cooperi Baker (1875)
=Gladiolus dracocephalus Hook. f. (1871)
=Gladiolus pageae L. Bolus
=Gladiolus psittacinus var. cooperi Baker (1892)
=Gladiolus luteolus Klatt
=Gladiolus garnieri Klatt 1872. [Klatt 1879 = G. watsonioides]
=Gladiolus saltatorum Baker
=Gladiolus newii Baker
=Gladiolus angolensis Welw. ex Baker (1878)
=*Gladiolus sulphureus Baker
=Gladiolus primulinus Baker
=Gladiolus kilimandscharicus Pax
=Gladiolus buettneri Pax
=Gladiolus splendidus Rendle
=Gladiolus taylorianus Rendle
=Gladiolus corneus Oliv. (1875)
=Gladiolus affinis De Wild. (1905)
=Gladiolus luembensis De Wild.
=Gladiolus calothyrsus Vaupel
=Gladiolus boehmii Vaupel
=Gladiolus gallaensis Vaupel
=Gladiolus coccineus L. Bolus
=Gladiolus louwii L. Bolus
=Gladiolus barnardii G. J. Lewis
=Gladiolus caffensis Cufod. (1947)
=Gladiolus garuanus Vaupel
=Gladiolus hockii De Wild.
=Gladiolus antholyzoides Baker (1891)
=Antholyza schlechteri Baker (1904)
=Gladiolus magaliesmontanus F. Bolus (1916)
=*Gladiolus dalenii auct.
=Gladiolus brachylimbus Baker (1904)
=*Gladiolus strictiflorus L. Bolus (1931)
=Gladiolus vogtsii L. Bolus (1929)
=Gladiolus adlamii Baker (1880)
=Gladiolus fuscoviridis Baker (1896)
=Gladiolus leptophyllus L. Bolus
=Gladiolus leichtlinii Baker (1889)
=Gladiolus platyphyllus Baker
=Gladiolus retrocurvus G. J. Lewis
=Gladiolus tysonii Baker (1892)
=Watsonia natalensis Eckl. (1827)
=Gladiolus anorthanthus Ingram
=Gladiolus occidentalis A. Chev. (1920)
=Gladiolus nebulicolus Ingram (1931)
=Bobartia natalensis (Regel) Klatt (1894)
=Gladiolus schimperianus Steud. ex Baker
=Keitia natalensis Regel
 
Taxon infra-specific
Gladiolus dalenii Van Geel subsp. dalenii
Gladiolus dalenii subsp. andongensis (Baker) Goldblatt
Gladiolus dalenii subsp. welwitschii (Baker) Goldblatt
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,5-2 m tall, with or without leaves at flowering time; corm woody, 1,5-3 cm Ø; leaves sword-shaped, 0,5-3 cm wide, smooth, margins and midribs moderately thickened; stem unbranched; spike 3-14-flowered; bracts green, 3-7 cm long; flowers 6-8 cm long, red to orange on each lower (3) tepals, or yellow to greenish often with red or brown streaks on upper tepals; tube 2,5-4,5 cm long, curving outward in upper half; upper 3 tepals 3,5-5 cm long, much exceeding the recurved lower tepals, dorsal tepal strongly hooded, anthers well-exserted.
Ecology : Loudetia arundinacea grassland with scattered trees, recently burnt; Acacia abyssinica woodland; open grassland and woodland, sometimes in seasonally flooded valley grassland; widespread and common; sandy thicket-grown hillsides with clay subsoil; rocks; mountain savanna with Kotschya lutea; 300-3600 m alt.
  Ornamental, widely cultivated.
  S. Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia; Madagascar; Saudi Arabia, Yemen. In Réunion and Mauritius has become a weed in fields (Fl. Mascareignes 177, Irid.: 14, 1978) like in the Philippines and Venezuela.
Mada.
Biol./Eco : Herb; Humid, Subhumid, Dry, Subarid; Grassland, Freshwater Wetland; 0-499 m, 500-999 m, 1000-1499 m, 1500-1999 m; distribution: Africa.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under Flore d'Afrique Centrale
see under Catalogue de Madagascar
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
see under Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden
 
Map
carte afrique num 174783
 
Record n°174783
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