African Plant Database


Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch.
Family : IRIDACEAE
Information on the genus : Crocosmia
Basionym : Tritonia aurea Pappe ex Hook.
 
 
Status
Status for SA : accepted (present)
Status for TA : accepted (present)
 
Synonym(s) Homotypic
 Tritonia aurea Pappe ex Hook.
 Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch. var. aurea
 Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch. subsp. aurea
 
Synonym(s) Heterotypic
=Babiana aurea Klotzsch
=*Crocanthus mossambicensis Klotzsch ex Klatt
 
Taxon infra-specific
Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch. var. aurea
Crocosmia aurea var. maculata Baker
Crocosmia aurea subsp. pauciflora (Milne-Redh.) Goldblatt
Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch. subsp. aurea
 
Ecology and distribution
Trop. Afr.
Biology : Herb 0,4-1 m tall; corm almost globose 1,5-2 cm Ø; stem several-branched to unbranched; leaves sword-shaped, reaching to about the base of the spike, 1-3 cm wide, plane; spike arching slightly towards the ground, fairly lax, 4-12-flowered; flowers actinomorphic, recurved, facing the ground, orange, pale in throat, occasionally the tepals marked darker orange to brown above base; tube 1-2 cm long, curved; tepals subequal 1,2-4x0,6-1,2 cm; capsule depressed-globose, 3-lobed, showing the outline of the black seeds, orange inside (attractive).
Ecology : Mostly in forest, forest margins and clearings; sometimes in deep shade; streamsides; Uapaca woodland; 500-2100 m alt.
  The flowers are adapted to pollination by large swallowtail butterflies (Papilio; cf. Ann. Bot. London 97: 97, 2006).
  S. Africa, Swaziland (map in Fl. south. Afr., l.c.). Naturalised (and cultivated) in E. Africa, Cameroon Mtn area.
 
More info on :
see under Jstor_African Plant Initiative
see under The Euro-Mediterranean Plant Base
see under African Plants - a Photo Guide
 
Map
carte afrique num 174813
 
Record n°174813 modified 2014-08-28
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